Changsha dialect, namely Changsha dialect, belongs to New Xiang. The so-called Changsha dialect is distributed in the main urban area of Changsha with Wangcheng District, Central and southern Changsha County and Ningxiang CityThe language spoken in the Northeast (and Changsha CountyThe withWangcheng District dialect is slightly different from the urban dialect difference). As for Ningxiang City with Liuyang CityThe dialect of Liuyang is quite different from that of the urban area. Among them, the dialect of eastern Liuyang belongs to Gan Dialectwith Hakka dialect, Cannot communicate with Changsha dialect. The urban dialect of Changsha is basically the same as the dialect of Xiangtan urban area with Zhuzhou urban area, so the three can communicate with each other.
The characteristic of the Changsha dialect is that the ancient Quanzhou Initials word Shusheng is transformed into Unvoiced, which is the representative dialect of New Xiang. It is different from Mandarin Gu Quanzhuo Initials, Qinghua, flat sound, aspiration, and no aspiration. The following groups of words Changsha dialect initial are the same: (love=full) (tao=dao) (same=dong), while the former in Mandarin is Unvoiced.
Voice of Changsha dialect
First of all, in the old school of Changsha dialect, InitialsThere is 23, VowelThere is 45 and tone6. The new school tongue disappeared, Initials 20, the back nasal disappeared, Vowel 39, all less than Mandarin (Initials 22 Vowel 39, tone 4)
Second, there is no Changsha dialect Northern dialectUbiquitous in Erhua sound.
Third, the Changsha dialect retains the entering tone, but the end of the entering tone disappears. Example: Each of the following pairs of Chinese characters is pronounced with the same tone in Mandarin, but in Changsha dialect mid-tone is different. "Yi" with "One", "Ba" with "Eight", "Wife" with "Seven", "Wu" with "House", "Vegetable" with "Uncle". In the Changsha dialect, the second of each of the above pairs of Chinese characters is sounded.
Fourth, the whole in ancient Chinese VoicedIn the Changsha dialect Unvoiced. The pronunciation of each of the following words is the same, but only in together is the difference on it: Brand—Baitong—Dongkui—Guiqiao—Jiao Porcelain—Zhu Bed—Zhuang.
The Sayings of Changsha Dialect
Dai Doula Hit——Also across the bridge
Interpretation: (with the imaginary thing) far away, far away. Hit, kiss; bridge. In the Changsha dialect, the gear on the abacus is called "bridge". The so-called "one bridge" means that two numbers are not in the same gear, such as "5" with ten in the single digit. The "4" of the number "46" is separated by a bridge, so it extends the meaning of being far apart.
Example: He came to the unit for a long time, so he wanted to be the section chief. It was Dai Douli Hit—Also across the bridge!
Note: During the Guangxu period of the Qing Dynasty Xu Ke"Qing Barnyard Notes·Suzhou Dialect" received "wearing a hat to kiss each other", which means "things are obstructed and cannot be fulfilled", which is similar to this idiom.
Vocabulary: Eyebrows grow three inches long
Interpretation: This term is probably a bit strange to the new Changsha people. It means that the food is dirty (see note for details).
Example: The vegetables are sloppy, and the eyebrows are three inches long! /The guy at that restaurant on Dolle Street, how good is that? Eyebrows grow three inches long!
Note: In old Changsha, there was a custom of using garbage as fertilizer. The dirtier and smellier the garbage, the more nutrient it is, and the more it enables plants to grow. It can make the eyebrows three inches long, which is extremely dirty.
Really love the individual
"Lover" doesn't just refer to those in the house Guest(Wife). in Changsha dialects, lover, sometimes used as a predicate structure. In Changsha, the term "lover", the most frequently heard phrase in street talks is "Really love the individual". The strong love and hatred of Changsha people can be seen in the death to life. The word analysis is as follows:
Vocabulary: Lover (also said "Lover Son")
Interpretation: cute and lovable.
Example: How many lovers do you order? /Your daughter-in-law, dimples are gibberish when you talk, I don't know how many people love you to death! (Changsha Traditional Flower Drum Opera "Xu Blind Man Makes a Shop")/Maomao can crawl and laugh, love him to death!
Yiyang's traditional flower drum opera "Youchun" also has: "Oh my godmother, then MateBorn to be a real lover. "
Note: Yiyang belonged to the old in the Qing Dynasty Changsha Twelve generation of the counties, its Huagu Opera is also based in Changsha MandarinFor the unified stage language. "Lover Son" has the same meaning, but no other elements can be inserted in the middle.
Inheritance and development
Xiangyin winds around, Chu languageYunfei, Changsha dialect, full of charm. You are a native of Changsha, so naturally, you know what it means and are fascinated; if you are not a native of Changsha, as long as you speak Xiang dialect, you will be infiltrated by it YuantongMoved by, implication, pungency, and humor, leaving a deep and indelible impression. There are a lot of distinctive street talks in Changsha, but time has changed, and there are not a few that slowly disappear. It's a pity. Feeling this, I hope we can explore, understand, appreciate, record, and pick the green leaves and red flowers in the language forest of this place so that the warm feeling will stay in our hearts forever.
In Changsha families, you can see this situation: grandparents mainly speak Changsha dialect, and grandchildren and granddaughters mainly speak Mandarin after going to kindergarten. They use each others' common language instead, although what happens during the replacement is PidginLanguage (plastic language). The same is true for the culture that accompanies the language. It is difficult for us to protect dialects intact, and it is also difficult to protect culture intact. In addition to the preservation of cultural heritage through written language with audio and video, we cannot protect it forever in reality, but can only delay aging with death. Of course, we should not be too pessimistic, and actively protect the dialect with culture that is about to disappear, and don't let the culture stop suddenly and make people at a loss.