Kunqu Opera "Peony Pavilion"-Garden Opera music is the musical part of Chinese Han opera, including vocal music, rhyme, and instrumental accompaniment, opening, and cutscene music. Among them, the main form of singing is singing, with solo, duet, unison, and gang singing, which are the main expression methods to develop the plot and portray the character. The accompaniment of singing, the opening, and the string play the role of supporting the tone and setting off the performance. The percussion music used in the opening, cutscene, and martial arts venues is an important factor in the noisy atmosphere, the adjustment of the stage rhythm, and the structure of the opera.
Opera is a unique title of traditional drama in our country. The first to use the term opera in history was Song Liuxun (1240-1319). He put forward “Yongjia opera” in the "Person of Wu Yongzhang". What he called “Yongjia opera” is what later generations call “ Southern Opera ”, "Xiwen", " Yongjia Zazu ". Starting from the modern Wang Guowei, "Xiqu" has been used as a general term for traditional Chinese theater culture. The most significant and unique artistic feature of opera is "Qu". "Qu" is mainly composed of two parts: music and singing. The distinguishing of a local drama mainly depends on the local language of vocal tone, musical melody, and singing, such as Sichuan Sichuan, Zhejiang Shaoxing opera, Guangdong opera, Henan Henan, Shaanxi, Shaanxi, Shandong Lu opera, Fujian Fujian opera, Hubei Han Ju, Hebei Peking opera, Jiangsu Kunqu opera and so on.
Pre-Qin (budget period)
Middle and late Tang Dynasty (formation period)
Song Jin (development period)
Yuan Dynasty (mature period)
Ming and Qing (prosperous period)
Modern times (reform period)
Before and after the revolution of 1911, a group of accomplished opera artists engaged in opera art improvement activities, including Wang Xiaonong, pan Yueqiao, Xia Yueshan, etc. they accumulated valuable experience for the later opera improvement. During the period from the May 4th Movement in 1919 to the founding of the people's Republic of China, some people with lofty ideals reformed traditional Chinese opera.
On the eve of the May 4th movement, Mei Lanfang performed Deng cuogu, yiwisp of hemp and other new fashion dramas to promote democratic ideals. Zhou Xinfang and Cheng Yanqiu also created many works Yuan Xuefen, on the other hand, held high the banner of the reform of Yue Opera and starred in Lu Xun's famous work "Xianglinsao", taking the lead in forming a comprehensive artistic mechanism integrating editing, directing, dancing, sound and beauty in Chinese opera“ It took the lead in the mechanism of combining freehand brushwork with capital reality in Chinese opera.