Kyrgyz, a foreign homologous ethnic group, is called Kyrgyz in Chinese translation. The national language is Kyrgyz, belonging to the Kepuqiak group of Eastern Hungarian branch of the Altaic Turkic language family.
Kyrgyz are mainly distributed in Kyrgyzstan and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. There are hundreds of people living in Wujiazitun, Fuyu County, Heilongjiang Province. They moved from Xinjiang in the 18th century.
The Kyrgyz people first believed in Shamanism, and the Kyrgyz people living in Fuyu County of Heilongjiang still believe in Shamanism. Kirgiz people in the Tacheng and Emin counties of Xinjiang believe in Tibetan Buddhism. However, most Kyrgyz believe in Islam, and there are remnants of primitive beliefs.
Belief in Kut is one of the remains of the primitive religious beliefs of the Kyrgyz people. Kurt, Kyrgyz, is the mascot in fantasy. Kyrgyz people believe that Kurt can bring good luck, and only those who are broad-minded and kind-hearted can get it. Gadatash is a sacrificial device used by the Kyrgyz people to pray for rain. People think it has magic power and can get rain. Once there is no rain after a long drought, some people will ask for rain with a stone in their hands. The ritual of praying for rain is simple, that is, putting the magic stone into the water bowl and stirring the water in the bowl for rain. The amulet is a small cloth bag specially sewn for eliminating disasters and evil spirits. It is mostly triangular and contains Scriptures or incantations written by mullahs or sages. It must be carried with you and taken good care of. The totem worship of Kyrgyz people originates from their worship of animals. In ancient times, the Kyrgyz people who were engaged in nomadic and hunting had special feelings for animals, especially for their strength and bravery. They want to develop themselves with the help of the divine power of animals and seek the protection of ferocious animals. They regard these animals as their protective gods, and they have their figures tattooed on their bodies or embroidered on fabrics and hung them in yurts.
Clothes & Accessories
Kyrgyz people usually wear a small-cap with a black cloth or black velveteen inlaid on the edge. In winter, they wear a fur cap made of fox skin or lambskin (table Taiyi).
The man was wearing a round collar shirt with white lace and rust. He was wearing a "standard loop" made of sheepskin or blue or black cotton cloth, and a belt or an embroidered cloth belt around his waist. Under the body to wear underwear, wearing blue, black flannel and other cloth made of wide-leg trousers. General winter wear felt boots, felt socks. Old people like to wear leather pants and homemade light boat shoes in winter.
Women usually wear long dresses with a belt and a fold. Silk thread is used to embroider various patterns, silver buttons and copper wires are used to embroider the skirts, and colorful golden velvet scarves and bright leather boots are used to pedal on the skirts. Unmarried women wear a small red velvet cap or a large red cap made of otter or marmot skin with beads, Tassels, and feathers. Young married women wear red and green headscarves, red, green, and purple tops and red skirts, and often wear decorations. The middle-aged and old women wear white headscarves, blue and black jackets, and overcoats with little decoration.
The diet of the Kyrgyz people is mainly composed of beef, sheep, horse, camel, yak, and dairy products. Almost three meals a day are inseparable from meat, milk, and dairy products. Wheat, highland barley, and vegetables are only supplementary food in the diet of Kirgiz people. "Kemozi" (mare's milk wine) and "Bozuo" (Sporozi wine) are excellent drinks for Kirgiz people to entertain guests in summer and autumn.
Kyrgyz traditional handicraft industry has a long history, including wood making, metal processing, textile embroidery, etc. All kinds of animals, figures, flowers, and trees, sun, moon, and stars carved and embroidered are rich in content, beautiful in shape, vivid in the image, full of distinctive national characteristics and rich flavor of life, reflecting the wisdom and talent of the Kyrgyz people. The earrings and rings inlaid with gold, silver, and copper of Kyrgyz nationality have a unique national style. Tableware and daily utensils made of iron and copper, such as teapots, pots, swords, buttons, bells, etc., are exquisite and durable. Animals and dragons are often carved on ornaments and utensils.
Kyrgyz people are famous for making felt and articles. Almost every family has drapery (texture), which has a long history of interior decoration. There are many kinds of grass-woven fabrics of Kyrgyz nationality, most of which are made of Achnatherum Splendens. This kind of weaving is made of local materials, simple process, economical and practical, which is not only an indispensable daily necessity but also a unique handicraft.
Kyrgyz women are good at weaving and embroidery, mainly including tapestries, curtains, headscarves, handkerchiefs, bedding, etc. Kirgiz people always carry a "Hu Arjun" which is very elegant and exquisite and is an indispensable "treasure bag" in daily life.