Russian people, originated from a branch of Madame Dongslai, belong to the European race, and are distributed in eastern and central Europe. The main language is Russian. Most of them believe in orthodox and a few belief in Protestantism, with a population of about 100 million.
Russians have the basic characteristics of the European race: light skin, soft wavy hair, developed beard and body hair for men, narrow and high nose, thin lips, straight jaw, clear facial contour, medium or above stature. But Russians have their own characteristics: Northern Russians belong to the White Sea-Baltic type of the European race, with medium height, long head, high nose, straight or concave nose, light hair, and eyes. The southern Russians belong to the central European type (or Alpes type) of the European race. They are of medium or above stature, with a short and wide head, wide faces, high and large noses, light yellow hair, and wavy hair.
The Russian nation is a religious nation. Religion plays an important role in its social life. Since the orthodox was defined as the national religion, Russia has begun a long process of orthodox education. Orthodox ideology gradually penetrated Russian politics, economy, culture, even family and personal life. The orthodox church is not only integrated with the Russian state but also with the Russian spirit. Because of the influence of religious thought and the oppression of the autocratic system mentioned above, the Russians are very docile and kind. "Thank you for everything" and "don't fight evil with violence". However, due to the lack of rationality, they often fall into a morbid devotion craze. Or show heroic, or show ferocious, cruel. The Eastern Orthodox advocates the self-sacrifice of asceticism and the group consciousness of everyone being saved, so the Russians have the spirit of self-sacrifice and collectivism, which shows that the country is supreme, and they can sacrifice their personal interests and even their lives for the country. The Orthodox Church also advocates the spirit of universal salvation and "salvation", so the Russians have a kind of super nationalism spirit. They believe that the orthodox church is the Orthodox Church of Christianity. After Rome and Byzantium, Moscow is the only defender of the Orthodox Church, that is, the "third Rome", thus forming the Russian nation's special sense of historical mission and the concept of salvation. It laid the ideological foundation for Russia's large-scale outward expansion. At the end of the 15th century, the Russian nation was completely liberated from Mongolian rule and established a centralized state with Moscow as the center. Since then, four centuries of aggression and expansion began, expanding a small country with only 2.8 million square kilometers in a corner of Eastern Europe into the largest country on earth.
After a long and difficult development, the Russian nation has formed its unique national cultural spirit through the infiltration, integration, opposition, conflict with a foreign culture, and the invasion and indoctrination of religious thoughts. That is, the integration of opposites - "absolutism, state supremacy, and anarchism, freedom, and indulgence; cruelty, the tendency to violence and kindness, humanity and meekness; adherence to religious rituals and the pursuit of truth; individualism, strong personal consciousness, and individualism; nationalism, boasting, and universalism, all humanity; humility, condescension, and recklessness; Slavery and rebellion, etc. When we understand the history and reality of Russia, it is not difficult to understand the "two sides" of the Russian spirit; when we understand the "two sides" of the Russian spirit, all the confusion and shock given by the Russians to the world will be solved.
It can be seen that since Russia first appeared on the stage of history, its ethnic lineage has been obviously mixed. It's just that in this fusion of the North Germanic and Madame doula, Madame doula's factor prevails. Although the varans became rulers, they were gradually assimilated by the local Madame Dongsra. The ancestors of these Russians lived in the north of the Eastern European Plain, near the Arctic Ocean. The grim natural environment, such as the gray and hazy sky, endless snow and ice, and wild grassland, made the ancient people unable to live and work in peace and contentment for a long time. To a great extent, this determines their way of life, character, psychology, and even belief. They begged for the protection of the God of nature and engaged in mysterious exchanges with nature. They are eager to leave the barren wasteland and cold frozen soil, and constantly expand around and fight for it. They wandered on horseback, hoping to obtain an ideal home for themselves by force. The famous Russian historian C. Soloviyov described gules as "a flowing rose like a tumbler", believing that this kind of fluidity or "liquid factor" delayed the development of gulls. This kind of life, which is too primitive and lacking in human nature, makes the Russians lack the foundation of reason at first, and they are subject to a kind of national natural force without personality. Holiness and sin are the same eternal temptation to them. At the same time, they also have a strong group, strong character, restless soul.
Russian eating habits also belong to the category of folk customs. Russian diet is relatively simple, divided into fasting and meat two kinds of five categories: pasta, milk, meat, fish, plants. Russian people like to eat rye bread. For ordinary people, making holy bread and white bread with wheat flour is often the food of traditional Russian festivals. Special food in Russia is a big pie, baked with fermented or unfermented dough and stuffing. In the past, the big pie was oblong. According to the weight, the big one is called the big pie, and the small one is called the small pie.
On meat day, Russians use mutton, beef, minced meat, and so on as fillings. During the meat Festival, they use milk dregs and eggs as fillings. On Ramadan, Russians use milk dregs and eggs as fillings. They use Lactarius Delicious, peas, turnips, cabbage, and vegetable oil as fillings, or bake sweet pies, and fill them with raisins and dried fruits. Sometimes also use Cucumis, fish ribs and other pie.
Russians are used to making tea with tea-like drinking black tea with sugar or jam, frog honey. Tea cooking is a symbol of Russian tea culture, which is different from other nations' tea culture. Their method is to pour the tea into a small saucer, cool the tea gently before drinking, and then eat sugar alone. According to Russian custom, when tea and dessert or cake are served at the banquet, it means that the banquet is coming to an end. When drinking tea, Russians quietly stir the sugar, jam, and honey in the tea with a teaspoon. Then they take out the teaspoon and put it on the tea plate. They don't drink tea with a teaspoon.
Clothes & Accessories
The costumes of the Russian people are rich and colorful. People choose different colors and styles in different seasons. Young people, in particular, love to wear all kinds of fashion. In summer, men usually wear silk white straight collared sweaters, trousers, and belts around their waists. In spring and autumn, they wear tan or iron gray suits, wide leaf ties, and sometimes leather jackets. A few people also wear white embroidered shirts with wide cuffs, lantern pants, and octagonal caps. In winter, they wear a Lapel fur coat or cotton-padded jacket, sheepskin sheared fur hat, and high leather boots or felt boots. In summer, women usually wear light color, short sleeves, half-open chest, waist style, embroidered or printed dresses. In spring and autumn, women often wear suits or skirts, brightly colored tweed hats with feathers as decorations. In winter, women wear skirts, half-long fur coats, high leather boots, and woolen turbans. The collar, cuffs, and chest of men's and women's T-shirts are decorated with delicate embroidery geometric patterns or flower patterns with bright colors and strong contrast. The clothes of the old people keep the traditional style. Most of the men wear uniforms, breeches, leather boots or shoes, some wear long gowns and crotch pants, while most of the women wear embroidered short clothes without collar, and wear self-woven cotton skirts, with a floral belt around the waist, and some wear dresses. Most middle-aged people wear Han clothing. Russian women's headwear has its own characteristics. There are strict differences between young girls and married women. The top of the girl's headdress is open, and her hair is exposed outside. She combs it into a long braid, in which colorful ribbons and small glass beads are braided. Married women's headdress must be tight without holes, that is, first braid their hair into two braids, then wrap them in a scarf or hat, so that no hair can be exposed, otherwise it will be considered as polite behavior.