The "first day of the first month" of the current lunar calendar is historically called Yuan Shuo, Yuan Ri, Xin Yuan, New Year's Day, Zheng Sun, Yuan Chen, Xin Zheng, etc. The name of "Spring Festival" on the first day of the first lunar month of the current lunar calendar did not exist in ancient times (generally called New Year and New Year Festival in ancient times). It was created by the government of the Republic of China. The concept of "Spring Festival" was gradually brought up during the period of the Republic of China. During the Republic of China, the Gregorian calendar was introduced, and the lunar calendar became the standard for farming. In 1914, the Republic of China government mentioned in a submission from the Ministry of Internal Affairs that "the Lunar New Year's Day is proposed as the Spring Festival. Therefore, the saying of the Spring Festival has gradually spread.
After the Revolution of 1911, the Beiyang government of the Republic of China adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1912, but the "Republic of China" year was used. January 1 is the first day of the Gregorian calendar. Since 1914, the first day of the first month of the Xia calendar (that is, the first day of the first month of the lunar calendar) is used as the "Spring Festival". Regarded as the beginning of the lunar new year, it is the beginning of the year.
On September 27, 1949, the First Plenary Session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference decided to adopt the "AD chronology", calling January 1 of the Gregorian calendar as the "New Year's Day" and the first day of the first month of the Xia calendar as the "Spring Festival".
Traditional festival rituals and custom activities are important content of festival elements and carry the rich and colorful festival cultural heritage. The New Year's Festival (New Year's Day) is an ancient festival in our country and the most important festival of the whole year. In historical development, many places and various folk customs have been mixed together, forming some relatively fixed customs and habits. According to legend. These activities can be roughly summarized into the following aspects: worshipping the gods and responding to the weather; respecting the ancestors and maintaining family affection; driving away evil and dispelling evil for peace; recreation and relaxation. Headed by the Hundred Festival, the Spring Festival is the most solemn traditional festival of the Chinese nation. It not only embodies the Chinese nation’s ideological beliefs, ideals, life, entertainment and cultural psychology but also a carnival display of praying for disasters, food and entertainment.
During the Spring Festival, various Lunar New Year activities are held throughout the country, and there are differences in custom content or details in different regions due to different regions and cultures, with strong regional characteristics. The celebration activities during the Spring Festival are extremely rich and diverse, including lion dance, floating color, dragon dance, god tour, temple fair, shopping on flower street, lanterns, gongs and drums, flags, fireworks, praying for blessing, spring, and there are also walking on stilts and running. Dry boats, twisting Yangko and so on. During the Spring Festival, there are various places such as sticking new year red, keeping the year-old, eating reunion dinner, and visiting the new year. However, due to the different customs, the details have their own characteristics. The Spring Festival folk customs are diverse in forms and rich in content and are a concentrated display of the essence of the life and culture of the Chinese nation.
The Spring Festival is a day to remove the old and clothe the new. Although the Spring Festival is set on the first day of the first month of the lunar calendar, the activities of the Spring Festival do not stop on the first day of the first month. Since the end of the new year, people have been "busy": offering sacrifices to the stove, sweeping dust, buying new year goods, putting on the red, shampooing and bathing, putting on lights, and so on. All these activities have a common theme, that is, "Speech The old welcomes the new". The Spring Festival is a happy and peaceful festival for family reunions. It is also a carnival and eternal spiritual pillar for people to express their yearning for happiness and freedom. The Spring Festival is also a day when you don't know how to sacrifice to your ancestors and pray for the New Year. Sacrifice is a kind of belief activity, a belief activity created by human beings living in ancient times and expecting to live in harmony with the nature of heaven and earth.
The Spring Festival is, even more, a festival of entertainment and carnival for the people. At the time of the new year, firecrackers sounded, fireworks filled the sky, and various New Year celebration activities such as saying goodbye to the old year and welcoming the new year reached a climax. On the morning of the first day of the Lunar New Year, each family burned incense to pay tribute to the heavens and the earth and sacrificed to the ancestors. After Yuan Day, a variety of colorful entertainment activities have been launched, adding a strong festive atmosphere to the Spring Festival. The warm atmosphere of the festival is not only permeated in every household, but also in the streets and alleys everywhere. During this period, the lanterns filled the city and the streets filled with tourists. The excitement was unprecedented, and it was not until the fifteenth day of the first lunar month and the Lantern Festival before the Spring Festival really ended. Therefore, the Spring Festival, which integrates prayers, celebrations, and entertainment, has become the most solemn festival for the Chinese nation.