The writing brush calligraphy is a traditional art unique to China. Throughout the ages, Chinese characters were created by the working people. They began to express characters in the form of pictures. After thousands of years of development, they evolved into today's characters. In ancient times, writing with a brush for a long time gave rise to calligraphy. All Chinese characters are written with a brush. As for other writing forms, their writing rules are not completely different from those of a brush but are basically the same. Here is an introduction to brush calligraphy.
There are five types of calligraphy in brush calligraphy, namely, running script, cursive script, official script, seal script, and regular script calligraphy.
The pros and cons of calligraphy works are mainly judged through the lines, fluency, and integrity of the font. China is the birthplace of calligraphy art and culture, and it is also the first country to use brushes. Chinese calligrapher
One after another, such as Wang Xizhi, Yan Zhenqing, Huai Su, Su Dongpo, Huang Tingjian, Mi Fu, Wang Duo, Liu Gongquan, as well as modern Sha Menghai, Qi Gong, Liu Huipu (alive), these literary scholars are all masters of calligraphy. The art of brush calligraphy needs to be carried forward by the next generation, and we need to work hard.
Chinese calligraphy is a unique traditional art in China, which is mainly divided into " soft pen calligraphy " and " hard pen calligraphy ". Throughout the ages, Chinese characters were created by working people. They began to use pictures to record things. After thousands of years of development, they evolved into today’s characters. And because ancestors invented writing with brushes, calligraphy came into being. Throughout the ages, Chinese characters have been written with brushes. Mainly, as for other writing forms, such as hard pen and finger book, their writing rules are not completely different from those of brush writing but are basically the same. Based on seeking the original source (after the nail bone inscription), here is an introduction to the law of writing Chinese characters with a brush. As long as we have a "narrow" understanding of calligraphy, it will be of great benefit to understanding "calligraphy in a broad sense".
In a narrow sense, calligraphy refers to the methods and rules of writing Chinese characters with a brush. Including writing, movement, stippling, structure, layout (distribution, line order, chapters ), etc. For example, when the pen refers to the real palm, the five fingers are full of strength; the stroke is at the center of the stroke; the strokes are the same as the strokes, and the smoothness is the same; the structure is in the shape of the characters and echoes with each other; the distribution is intricate and dense, the virtual and the real are intertwined, and the whole chapter is connected; The style is literate, the style is the old style, the style is big and the style is small.
In a broad sense, calligraphy refers to the writing rules of language symbols. In other words, calligraphy refers to writing according to the characteristics and meaning of the text, using its calligraphy, structure, and composition to make it a beautiful artistic work. With the development of cultural undertakings, calligraphy is no longer limited to the use of brushes and writing Chinese characters. Its connotation has greatly increased. For example, in terms of tools, there are many different types of pens alone, including brushes, hard pens, computer instruments, spray guns, and daily tools. The pigment is not only the use of black ink, ink, adhesives, chemical agents, spray paint, glaze, etc. are colorful, all surprising. The past four treasures of the study -pen, ink, paper, and inkstone have greatly expanded their meanings, and there are too many varieties. From the perspective of writing styles, some use their hands, some use their feet, and use other organs. There is no shortage of people who write, and some people don't even use a pen at all, such as "finger book", "crowd out book", etc.; in terms of writing style, it is not a kind of Chinese characters, and some minority languages are also listed.
In the calligraphy art circle, Mongolian is an example; from the perspective of calligraphy and composition, in addition to the authentic traditional calligraphy, there has also been an "intentional" school with the same straight (line) and dynamic and static combination, which is the so-called modern calligraphy. It is based on traditional calligraphy, innovating, highlighting the word "change", integrating poetry, calligraphy, and painting, and striving to unify the form and content, making the work a three-beauty masterpiece of "beauty in beauty, sound, and form". In Japan, many calligraphers abandon the linguistic nature of the text and establish the "imagery" of the text. The "ink-like" school appeared, using the weight of the pen, the opening, and closing of the pen and the changes in the position of the pen, etc. Various images of text. Although this school of books emphasizes " imagery " and its characters are novel, but not all Chinese characters are "imagery" characters, so it is difficult to walk and development is restricted. All of these (of course not only these), but it can also be seen that calligraphy, like other things, is constantly developing and changing. This must arouse great attention from the calligraphy circles.
Common strokes are: horizontal (short horizontal, left-pointed horizontal, right-pointed horizontal, etc.), vertical (hanging needle vertical, short vertical, vertical exposed vertical), slanting (short scribing, vertical scribing, etc.) Short touch), point, mention (vertical mention, etc.)