Xun is a unique closed-mouth wind instrument of the Han nationality, with a simple and simple tone. It occupies an important position in the history of world primitive art. The origin of Xun is related to the labor and production activities of the ancestors of the Han nationality. It may be made by the ancestors imitating the sounds of birds and beasts to trap prey. Later, with the progress of society, it evolved into a simple instrument, gradually increasing the soundhole, and developed into a melody instrument that can play tunes.
Xun is a kind of wind instrument fired in clay in ancient times, round or oval, with six holes (now eight holes, nine holes, ten holes, double octaves, etc., six holes are not common in the market). Also known as "Tao Xun". Pottery is the most common, but stone and bone are also available.
Xun is the same as the health xūn phonetic. From the soil, smoked sound. Original meaning: a kind of wind instrument fired in clay in ancient times, the size is as big as a goose egg, six holes, the top is the mouthpiece. Also called " Tao Xun ") with the original meaning [an egg-shaped, holed wind instrument].
Xun is a tool, and also the sound of Liquid. There are six holes with a flat bottom, and the number of water is also. The imaginary is sharp, and the shape of fire is also. Xun uses water and fire to reconcile and then becomes a device, and water and fire are reconciled to form a sound. Therefore, the sound of the louder is the same as that of Huang Zhong Dalu, and the sound of the little is the same as that of the too-clustered bell.
The structure of the ten-hole xun is a body similar to a hollow ball. There is one blowhole and nine pronunciation holes. The upper end of the main body is provided with a blowing hole, the front is provided with seven pronunciation holes, and the reverse is provided with two pronunciation holes.
Xun is one of the oldest wind instruments in China, with a history of about 7,000 years. Xun is a unique closed-mouth wind instrument of the Han nationality, with a simple and simple tone. It occupies an important position in the history of world primitive art.
According to legend, Xun originated from a hunting tool called " Stone Shooting Star ". In ancient times, people often tied a stone or mud ball with a rope and threw it out to hit birds and animals. Some spheres are empty in the middle, so you can make a sound when you whip them for a ride. Later, people thought it was funny, so they used it to blow, so this kind of meteorite slowly evolved into a xun.
In the beginning, the xun was mostly made of stones and bones and later developed into ceramics. There are also many shapes, such as oblate, oval, spherical, fish-shaped and pear-shaped, among which pear-shaped is the most common.
The upper end of the xun has a mouthpiece, the bottom is flat, and the sidewall has a soundhole.
Xun has gone through a long period. About four to five thousand years ago, Xun developed from one sound hole to two sound holes and could play three tones. After entering the slave society, Xun has been further developed. The Xun from the late patrilineal society to the early slave society unearthed in Huoshaogou, Yumen, Gansu, has three sound holes and can play four tones. By the late Shang period of more than 1,000 BC, Xun had developed five sound holes and could play six tones. By the Spring and Autumn Period of more than 700 BC, Xun had six sound holes, and he could blow out a complete pentatonic and seven-tonic scale. Xun has developed from one sound hole to six sound holes and has gone through a long period of more than 3,000 years.