30 Education in China Facts and Statistics
1. The growing number of students in China has promoted the market demand of the education industry
Education is the right of all children. China attaches great importance to education and implements nine-year compulsory education.
The number of students in pre-school education, primary school, junior high school, high school, and higher education is increasing constantly, while the number of students in general high school and general secondary vocational school only fluctuates slightly.
In 2019, 47.139000 students in preschool education in China, 1056124000 primary schools, 482714000 junior high schools, 24143100 senior high schools, and 3031530 in Colleges and universities.
The growing number of students in the school has promoted the market demand of the education industry.
2. China's education system is constantly improving
China has built the largest education system in the world, with the continuous expansion of education popularization and the substantial improvement of citizens' access to education.
In 2020, there are 537100 schools at all levels in China, an increase of 7000 compared with 2019, an increase of 1.3% year-on-year.
3. The Chinese teachers are quite large
In terms of the construction of the teachers' team, the number of full-time teachers in China will reach 17921800 in 2020, an increase of 601500 compared with 2019, an increase of 3.5% year-on-year.
4. China's compulsory education popularization level continues to be high and is moving towards a high-quality and balanced stage
Taking 2019 as an example, the national primary school enrollment rate is 99.94%, and the junior high school enrollment rate is 102.6%, which is equivalent to the average level of high-income countries in the world.
The national primary school graduates' rate of entry is 99.5%, and the rate of junior high school graduates is 94.5%.
The Ministry of Education further improved the comprehensive control and dropout guarantee mechanism and improved the key monitoring system in the high-risk areas of dropout.
The consolidation rate of compulsory education in nine years increased by 0.6 percentage points, 94.8 percent, compared with the previous year.
5. The scale of schools in the compulsory education stage in China continues to expand, with a relatively stable average
In 2019, the size of primary schools in China was 659, an increase of 20 over the previous year; The size of junior high school is 921, an increase of 26 over the previous year.
The average number of primary school classes is 38, junior high school is 46, all of which are the same as those of the previous year; The average high school was 50, a decrease of 1 over the previous year.
The total number of major primary schools (56 and above) is 109000, a decrease of 70000 compared with the previous year, with the proportion of major classes 3.9%, down 2.6 percentage points compared with the previous year.
The total number of junior high school major classes is 45000, a decrease of 41000 over the previous year, with the proportion of major classes being 4.3%, down 4.3 percentage points compared with the previous year.
The proportion of the total number of the superclass in primary and junior high schools has dropped to below 0.5%, 0.2%, and 0.3% respectively.
6.Further improvement of the level of teaching equipment configuration in China
In 2019, the value of teaching instruments and equipment for primary school students in China was 1672 yuan, an increase of 115 yuan, an increase of 7.4%, and 1511 yuan in rural primary schools, which is equivalent to 77.8% of urban primary schools, an increase of 2.0 percentage points over the previous year.
The average teaching instrument and equipment value of junior high school students in China is 2625 yuan, an increase of 173 yuan, an increase of 7.0% over the previous year, and 2354 yuan in rural junior high schools, which is equivalent to 76.4% of urban junior high schools, which is 0.4% higher than that of the previous year.
7. The basic conditions of information technology in compulsory education in China have improved significantly, and the deep integration of information technology and education and teaching has been gradually strengthened
According to the survey, every 100 students in China have computers for teaching in 2019, and the number of primary schools increased from 11.1 to 11.4 in the previous year, and that of junior high schools increased from 15.2 in the previous year to 15.5.
8. The proportion of establishing campus network schools in the compulsory education stage in China continues to increase
According to the survey, in 2019, the proportion of primary schools established in China's primary schools was 68.7%, 1.2 percentage points higher than that of the previous year; The junior high school was 77.2%, which was basically the same as that of the previous year.
The proportion of rural primary schools and junior middle school network schools was 65.7% and 74.2%, respectively, 17.3% and 11.5% lower than that of urban schools.
9.The future of the new college entrance examination in China will be in the trend of multi evaluation and admission reform
Xiongbingqi, vice president of the 21st Century Education Research Institute, made an analysis and judgment on the problems and trends of the new college entrance examination reform, pointed out that the core of the reform is not subject reform, but should adhere to the principle of separation of enrollment and examination, further promote the reform of admission system.
And suggest that the multi evaluation reform should be promoted by a strong basic plan and comprehensive quality evaluation.
10. Chinese students are overburdened in their school work
According to the results of compulsory education quality monitoring issued by the quality monitoring center of basic education of the Ministry of education of China for the first time, the physical health of primary school students is still worrying, especially the high rate of poor vision, which shows the consequences of the heavy burden on the curriculum.
11. Education ecology in China
The main purpose is to build a comprehensive development of the student group.
12. Objective education achievements in China in 2020
China 2020 education development report reviews the development of all kinds of education in the 70 years since the founding of new China, points out that the popularization of all kinds of education has been significantly improved, and the education equity has made important progress.
The quality of education has steadily improved and the education quality has been improved to a more fair and quality education. The pisa2018 test results of OECD show that China won first place again.
13. China needs to have a sense of foresight and urgency
As the third decade of the 21st century, Chinese education has entered the era of "post universal education".
Facing the complex multi-element interest pattern, it needs forward-looking thinking and overall layout to improve the educational ecology in the practice of educational governance modernization.
14. China's reform of multiple admission
Xiongbingqi believes that the reform of the college entrance examination should focus on the reform of the admission system, not the subject reform.
It is suggested that the principle of separation of enrollment and examination should be adhered to, and the reform of enrollment examination separation in the provinces (districts and cities) should be encouraged; We should strengthen the reform of comprehensive quality evaluation, set up the batch of comprehensive quality evaluation in the entrance examination of all regions, and first, the "double first-class" universities will take part in the enrollment.
The implementation of the "strong foundation plan" of several "double first-class" universities this year and the "Trinity" comprehensive quality evaluation and enrollment reform in Zhejiang will lead to the transformation of basic education concept and mode of education, and further, promote the reform of multiple evaluation and admission to break the "only score theory".
15. The number of Chinese students studying abroad has increased year by year
According to reports, the Ministry of Education released statistics of China's overseas students in 2018 on July 27: the total number of Chinese overseas students in 2018 was 6621000, an increase of 8.83% compared with 2017. Among them, 32000 people are sent by the state public, 35600 are sent by the public in the unit, and 596300 students study at their own expense.
In 2018, the total number of overseas students who returned was 5194000. The state has 25300 public schools, 26500 units, and 467600 students studying at their own expense.
16. Universities with the largest number of overseas students in China
The university with the largest number of overseas students in China is Peking University of language, with 9886 students, nearly 10000.
Because Beijing Language University is a university established by the state in order to spread Chinese culture.
Therefore, the school mainly recruits students and is an international student to provide Chinese education.
According to the official statistics of Peking University of language, the number of students enrolled in the university has reached more than 100000 in more than 160 countries and regions around the world.
17. The University of China ranked second in the number of overseas students in China is Peking University
The number of foreign students in Peking University is 8434. Peking University is one of the top two universities in China, and it is the dream phenomenon of many students in China.
Only the top academic hegemony in each province can take the exam every year, so the domestic competition is very fierce.
18. The number of foreign students in Tsinghua University is relatively small
Surprisingly, only 5847 foreign students studying at Tsinghua University ranked ninth in the country in terms of quantity, 3000 less than Peking University.
Tsinghua engineering should be famous in the world, and it should attract many foreign students to apply for the examination. In terms of the difficulty of admission, Tsinghua will do better, so it has strict requirements for international students.
19. The four universities in China with the earliest time
(1) Tianjin University.
Founded in 1895, the former was Beiyang Western School of learning, and later renamed Beiyang University.
Founded in 1896, the former was Nanyang public school.
(3) Zhejiang University.
Founded in 1897, the former was the "Qiushi academy" - one of the first new universities in modern Chinese history to follow the western system of learning.
(4) Peking University.
Founded in 1898, the former was the Jingshi University.
20. Beijing is the city with the largest number of 211 universities in China
Many of the key universities in China are located in Beijing. The number of 211 universities in Beijing ranks first in China, and the top universities such as Tsinghua, Peking University, and the people's Congress are also in Beijing.
21. Wuhan is the city with the largest number of college students in China
Wuhan University has a lot of advantages. Although Wuhan is not as important as Beijing and Shanghai, there are many universities, including more than 80 universities, including Wuhan University and Huazhong University of Science and Technology.
22. Wuhan is also the city with the largest number of college students enrollment in China
In 2007, Wuhan had 10411000 college students, surpassing Beijing and Shanghai for the first time, ranking the first in all cities in China.
Statistics of Wuhan Statistics Bureau show that by 2016, the total number of college students and graduate students in Wuhan has exceeded 1.2 million, not only surpassing Beijing, Shanghai, but also over famous international cities such as New York, London, Moscow, Paris, Berlin, and Tokyo, ranking the first in the world. Wuhan has a population of more than 10 million, that is, one in every ten people in Wuhan is a college student.
23. Tibet is the most backward education province in China
The main reasons are as follows:
(1) Tibet is relatively high in altitude, with mountains and rivers in it, and it is difficult to build schools.
(2) Secondly, the residents of Tibet are scattered, the nomads are mostly, and the children are mobile, so they cannot establish long-term schools.
(3) The economy is backward, especially the basic people, even the basic food and clothing can not guarantee, what to talk about education.
(4) Parents' thoughts are rigid, feudal thoughts have a deep impact, parents regard children as a labor force. It is not necessary to feel that school is useless, so it is better to work early.
(5) Teachers are short of resources. Ordinary teachers are willing to go to the city with good conditions to teach, not to enter the mountains, into the countryside.
24. The country with the largest number of overseas students in China is South Korea
According to the latest statistics, the number of overseas students in 10 countries and overseas students in China is as follows（According to data released by China's Education Bureau in 2015）
(1) South Korea, 66672 peoples.
(2) The United States, 21975 peoples.
(3) Thailand, 19976 peoples.
(4) India, 16694 peoples.
(5) Russia, 16197 peoples.
(6) Pakistan, 15654 peoples.
(7) Japan, 14085 peoples.
(8) Kazakhstan, 13198 peoples.
(9) Indonesia, 12694 peoples.
(10) French,10436 peoples.
(11) Vietnam, 10031 peoples.
(12) Germany,7536 peoples.
(13) Mongolia,7428 peoples.
(14) Laos,6918 peoples.
(15) Malaysia,6650 peoples.
25. China has become the largest destination for studying abroad in Asia
According to the latest statistics of the Ministry of education, the number of Chinese students in China has risen from 290000 in 2011 to 440000 in 2016, while the number of universities receiving overseas students has increased from 660 to 829. Obviously, China has become the largest destination for studying abroad in Asia. China's overall plan for promoting the construction of world-class universities and disciplines clearly proposes that promoting international exchanges and cooperation, enhancing the attraction to high-level international students, and expanding the scale of international students have become the core work of the national "double first-class" construction.
26.The top five most popular British universities for Chinese students
(1) University of Liverpool
Liverpool University is one of the best scientific research institutions attracting numerous students and scholars in the world. The school has trained nine Nobel Prize winners. The school currently has 22000 students, including 7000 international students. Last year, about 3200 Chinese students entered the school.
(2) University of Manchester
Manchester University is the largest single-site university in the UK. There are many international students, and its students are from 154 countries. It is one of the members of Russell University, one of the top 50 universities in the world. Last year, about 3100 Chinese students studied here.
(3) University of Nottingham
Nottingham University is one of the leading research institutions in the UK. After Sir Peter Mansfield won the Nobel Prize in medicine last year, the school has achieved a new milestone in scientific research. It is one of the top 100 schools in the world and one of Russell's group members. About 2800 students studied here last year.
(4) University of Birmingham
In 1900, Queen Victoria established Birmingham University through charter, which is the first red brick University in Britain. One of the top 100 schools in the world and one of Russell's group members. More than 2500 Chinese students studied here last year.
(5) University of Sheffield
Located in the fourth largest city in the UK, Sheffield University was founded in 1828. One of the top 100 schools in the world, a member of Russell Group. Through its Chinese graduates, the school has implemented a plan to help British businesses enter the Chinese market. About 2500 students studied here last year.
27. The most popular major for Chinese students
The most popular major for Chinese students are business and administrative management. According to the statistics of the "2021 business study report" issued by QiDe education, more than 30% of Chinese students choose business subjects, and the proportion of Chinese students applying for the major in 2020 is still growing.
28. More and more international students study western medicine in China
It is understood that Tianjin Medical University has carried out overseas students' education since the 1980s, established an international college, and built an English simulation hospital aiming at training clinical skills and practical operation ability of medical students. From the initial 30 students in school to 1468, students from 64 countries and regions study and study here, including more than 80 American students.
29. The continuous development of online education in China
China's online education industry has undergone more than ten years of development and has undergone the development stages of digital education, Internet plus education, mobile + education, intelligence + education. In recent years, with the joint promotion of technology, market, and policy, the online education market in China has become more and more active. China's online education industry is developing rapidly. According to relevant data, the market scale of the online education industry in China has exceeded 300billion yuan in recent years.
30. China's expenditure on education has steadily increased, pushing forward the development of the education industry
In recent years, China's education expenditure has continued to increase.
In 2019, the general public budget expenditure of China was 23887.4 billion yuan, an increase of 8.1% year on year.
Among them, education expenditure was 3491.3 billion yuan, an increase of 8.5% year-on-year.
The steady growth of education expenditure has promoted the continuous development of China's education industry.