First class universities and disciplines of the world, referred to as "double first class". The construction of world-class universities and disciplines is a major strategic decision made by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council. It is also another national strategy in the field of higher education in China after the "211 Project" and "985 Project". It is conducive to enhancing the comprehensive strength and international competitiveness of China's higher education, and to realizing the "two centenary" goals and the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation Provide strong support.
In January 2017, with the approval of the State Council, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance and the national development and Reform Commission issued the implementation measures for promoting the construction of world-class universities and first-class disciplines as a whole (Interim); on September 21, the Ministry of education, the Ministry of Finance and the National Development and Reform Commission jointly issued the report on publishing the list of world-class universities and first-class discipline construction universities and disciplines The list of world-class universities, world-class discipline construction universities and construction disciplines was officially announced. The first batch of "double first-class" construction universities totaled 137, including 42 world-class universities (36 in class A and 6 in class B), 95 world-class discipline construction universities, and 465 double first-class construction disciplines (44 in self-defined disciplines).
The overall goal is that by 2020, a number of universities and a number of disciplines will be among the most popular in the world, and a number of disciplines will be among the top class disciplines in the world; by 2030, more universities and disciplines will be among the most popular in the world, a number of Universities will be among the top class universities, a number of disciplines will be among the top class disciplines in the world, and the overall strength of higher education will be significantly improved; by the middle of the 21st century, a number of universities will be among the most popular in the world The number and strength of current universities and first-class disciplines have entered the forefront of the world, and basically become a powerful country in higher education.