At present, more than 250 universities in China have Russian students, distributed in 21 provinces, 4 municipalities, and 5 autonomous regions. In recent years, Northeast China (Heilongjiang and Liaoning) and Beijing and Shanghai are still the main regions for China to attract Russian students. The fastest-growing number of Russian students is in Liaoning Province (mainly in Shenyang), and the least in Qinghai Province (Xining). There are also very few Russian students in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, and Tibet. Most of the Russian students in Ningxia and Tibet are language advanced students.
Like other foreign students, most of the Russian students study Chinese, and the major choice of Russian students in the recent 10 years is still dominant (see Figure 4). Compared with 2006, the proportion of Russian students who chose business management, engineering technology, law, medicine, education and pedagogy, culture and art disciplines increased in 2015, while the proportion of Humanities and social disciplines decreased significantly. Russian students rarely choose to study medicine, education is also the basic direction of sports, the Russian people are not interested in agriculture.
1. Why choose to study in China?
1.1 Policy subsidies
1.1.1 adjust and improve the content of scholarship support. The completed scholarship funding content is integrated into five aspects: tuition fee, accommodation fee, living expenses, comprehensive medical insurance fee, and international travel expenses. The scholarship students enjoy all or part of the financial support according to relevant provisions.
Compared with the original funding content: tuition fees and accommodation fees are separately set up and funding standards are determined respectively; The expenses of one-time resettlement, teaching materials, and outpatient medical treatment separately established in the past are included in the living expenses; The expenses for holiday activities and sports activities are incorporated into the tuition fees.
1.1.2 set up special scholarship projects for specific groups and objectives.
1.1.3 rewards the students with excellent conduct and excellent academic performance to study in China. Whether it is a gold student awarded by the Chinese government or a student who has come to China at his own expense, he has the opportunity to obtain the award for excellent international students as long as the conditions are met. The reward can be added with other financial support content, and it will not affect the students' access to other financial assistance.
Note: according to international practice, a country's colleges and universities often charge higher tuition fees and accommodation fees for foreign students. According to the survey, the average annual tuition fees charged by Chinese universities to overseas students who come to China at their own expense are about 20000 yuan for undergraduate, 25000 yuan for master's degree, and 32000 yuan for doctoral students. The standard accommodation fee is about 12000 yuan for undergraduates and 14000 yuan for postgraduates.
The tuition standard of domestic students are generally 4000-6000 yuan for undergraduate courses, 8000 yuan for master's degrees and 10000 yuan for doctors, and 1200 yuan for accommodation.
1.2 High quality
Chinese schools have strong teaching equipment and quality.
1.3 Low threshold
The examination of students in school is simple and the requirements are relatively loose. Only the basic ability can meet the requirements by submitting their own passports and academic qualifications. As for language and deposit is not mandatory, we can choose a preparatory class or show the flow of family income and expenditure.
1.4 Fast employment
Since most of the professional teaching is practical skills, we can accumulate a lot of experience during school. After finishing the study, we will have more advantages when looking for work and can adapt to it in the work.
1.5 Skills accumulation
Of course, the most important thing is the improvement of skills. In the school, we can accept comprehensive professional teaching. Under the influence of theory and practice, we can get more powerful knowledge of ourselves, which can be obtained through learning.
1.6 Broaden the vision
In a new country, we will see a lot of new things, and we will also contact different cultures. These things can expand our vision. In addition to learning, we should also see more to contact new things.
1.7 Exercise ability
Without accident, studying abroad is a journey for a person. We need to live on our own, arrange various matters themselves, and also face the challenges in life. We believe that these experiences can help us to improve their self-care ability quickly.
1.8 Improving language
Living and learning here will also have a close relationship with the Chinese. It needs to use Chinese to communicate with other people. Such a brand new language can stimulate us in learning and life so that we can better master Chinese.
2. What do Russian students need to prepare before they study in China?
2.1 submit materials according to the applied school, major, and teaching language;
2.1.1 hsk5 or above certificate is generally required for Chinese teaching
2.1.2 if you want to apply for graduate students, you need a higher level of education, a professor's recommendation letter, etc
2.1.3 for details, please refer to the enrollment homepage of each university, such as
2.2 at the same time, you can apply for scholarships. For details, please refer to the scholarship application requirements of colleges and universities;
2.3 the International Student Management Department of the university will issue the admission notice and JW202 / 201 form according to the application materials and the examination and approval of all departments in the University.
2.4 students should register with the admission notice, JW202 / 201 form (first copy), personal passport, and valid visa.
3. How do Russian students study in China?
3.1 insist on preview, insist on the preview the text before class, understand the content before class, can improve the efficiency of the class. And in the teacher on the content of a chapter, can take the initiative to review. Consider the past you shall know the future.
3.2 get up one hour early every day to recite the Chinese text.
3.3 go to the study room every day and study for two hours in the evening.
3.4 for the course knowledge, you should think more and ask more, and record the part with receiving goods in your notes.
3.5 carry out learning liquidation once a month, reflect on whether you have reached the learning plan this month, and what are the deficiencies, and pay attention to improve next month.
3.6 subscribe to Chinese tutorial newspaper, self-study some Chinese words in the newspaper, and complete exercises in the newspaper.
3.7 try to learn one more foreign language on weekends.
3.8 cultivate a good interest in learning.
4. What should we pay attention to when studying in China?
4.1 China border inspection
China border inspection is divided into Chinese citizen channel, foreign citizen channel, and other channels. International students should pass through the channel of foreign citizens. Before entering the country, the application form for entry of foreigners (usually issued by the carrier airline on the aircraft or can be collected at the airport counter) shall be filled in and delivered to the inspectors at customs clearance. Inspectors may ask about the purpose of travel, the persons in China, the address, and other information, and shall prepare the response in advance and carry with them paper supporting materials. After entering the country, you cannot stay at the border inspection office. You should take the luggage as soon as possible and cooperate with the security inspector to carry out a safety inspection on the luggage. Please refer to the following for the border inspection port of China: https://www.nia.gov.cn/n741435/n907688/n1234186/n1248056/index.html
4.2 Arrival at school
After entering the country, taxis/subway/bus and other travel modes can be selected, or intercity trains or continuous flights may be required to go to the destination city. Please consult the school for details. For self-contained vehicles, please refer to "traffic".
International students usually live in student apartments or rent out of school. Please note that students who have not checked in within the time limit may have to arrange their own accommodation. Please contact the school for confirmation for details. For accommodation, please refer to accommodation.
4.4 New students' registration
Upon arrival in China, freshmen should go to the admission institutions to complete a series of enrollment procedures such as registration. Please refer to the admission notice of each school for specific time, place, materials, and other information. In general, the following materials are required to complete the registration:
4.4.1 original and copy of my valid passport and visa (x1 or x2);
4.4.2 original and copy of the acceptance notice;
4.4.3 the original of the application form for the visa for foreign students to China (JW201 or 202);
4.4.4 passport size photo. Registration fee, tuition fee, medical insurance fee, accommodation fee, etc. related fees required to be paid when they are reported;
4.4.5 the original of the physical examination record of foreigners and the blood test report (students with a study period of more than 6 months in China shall provide);
Note: please prepare and submit specific materials according to the requirements of the admission school.
Usually, the school registration work includes the following contents:
1) Accommodation: check-in and check in the dormitory;
2) Payment: pay tuition fees, registration fees, and other related fees;
3) Purchase medical insurance: show a valid passport, acceptance notice, pay medical insurance expenses;
4) Registration of student status: fill in relevant forms and complete the registration of student status;
5) Physical examination: the school will arrange a physical examination for students;
6) Visa face sign: the school shall arrange the face sign for the students who apply for the first study residence permit;
7) Residence permit: after obtaining the physical examination results and signing them on the face, you need to apply for a residence permit.
Note: the registration process of each school may be different. Please consult the school for details.
4.5 Opening bank accounts and mobile payment
When international students arrive in China, institutions of study will generally guide them in handling bank cards. For the application of bank accounts in China, the bank shall take his passport and other valid identity documents to the bank counter and fill in the application for opening an account. After handling the bank card, if you use mobile payment, you can download Alipay or WeChat clients in the Huawei application market, App store, or Android application market. Download and open, sign up and log in, enter personal payment or bank card page to add bank card and submit binding. After the above operation is completed, if shopping, mobile payment can be made by scanning code.
4.6 Physical examination
According to the relevant regulations of the Chinese government, students with X1 visas must be subject to health examinations. Students may carry out the physical examination in their own country before coming to China, submit the original Chinese or English "physical examination record of foreigners" at the time of check-in, and then go to the health care center of the local entry-exit inspection and Quarantine Bureau for reexamination. If the health certificate is not in conformity with the specifications and requirements, or no physical examination is conducted before coming to China, the health inspection shall be conducted again in the health care center of the local inspection and Quarantine Bureau. The health center will issue the certificate of verification of the physical examination record of foreigners for you, which is necessary for the permission to stay in China. When you are in the medical examination, you may need to carry the following materials:
1) My passport. Medical examination materials in China before coming to China
2) 2 "crown free certificate (can also be re handled at the physical examination site)
3) Copy of the acceptance notice or certificate issued by the school.
4) Generally, the school will arrange the physical examination uniformly. If the time of collective physical examination is missed, it is necessary to go to the local exit inspection and Quarantine Bureau to complete the procedure. X1 visa must apply for residence permit within 30 days from the date of entry, so physical examination shall be completed as soon as possible after entering the country. International students with x2 visa do not need physical examination,
4.7 Medical insurance
According to the relevant national regulations, international students who have studied in China for more than six months must purchase medical insurance in China. The school will provide students with relevant consultation and services for insurance purchases. For information on insurance, please refer to: http://en.lxbx.net/
4.8 Handling residence permit for foreigners
The residence permit of the people's Republic of China is a residence permit issued to foreigners who have been in the people's Republic of China for more than one year. International students with X1 visas must be transferred to residence permits within 30 days from the date of entry. This certificate shall be applied to the entry and exit administration of public security organs in the place of residence. Please refer to the regulations of the people's Republic of China on the administration of foreigners' entry and exit and the relevant provisions of the local administration of entry and exit. The certificate of verification of the medical examination record of foreigners issued by the local health and quarantine department must be submitted when handling residence permits. Therefore, please complete the health inspection as soon as possible after entering the country and carry the certification materials to the local entry and exit administration. As the original passport is required to be submitted when the police station handles residence permit, some business that needs to handle with passport, such as bank card opening, mobile phone/network opening, etc., may be affected by this. Please arrange relevant matters in advance.
5. What is China's policy towards Russian students studying in China.
Students studying in Russia one day can apply for one belt, one road scholarship. One belt, one road scholarship, China National Development, and Reform Commission, Ministry of foreign affairs, and Ministry of Commerce, authorized by the State Council, was proposed on March 28, 2015, to provide scholarships to the countries along the route.
"One belt, one road": the advantages of studying abroad:
(1) In line with the national strategy, good employment prospects.
Under China's "one belt, one road" initiative and policy guidance, there are more and more exchanges between the economic, financial, trade, and cultural sectors along the line.
(2) English teaching, the language barrier is small.
One belt, one road China's China's education policy is ancient Chinese literature search.
(3) The fee is close to the people and you can get a scholarship.
The average annual tuition plus living expenses for studying in Poland and Hungary ranges from 50000 to 70000 yuan, which is suitable for middle-income families in China. Outstanding students will also be awarded various scholarships.
(4) European Union Schengen country, credit is common in European Union.
Poland and Hungary are both EU Schengen Member States, and visa holders can freely enter and leave the 26 EU Schengen member states without further visa application. In addition, both countries have signed the Bologna Declaration and joined the European credit mutual recognition system. In this system, academic qualifications are mutually recognized, and students with formal higher education qualifications are encouraged to study in other European countries.
(5) The enrollment cycle is short and the visa policy is flexible.
There is no need for a large amount of financial guarantee to apply for a study abroad visa in Poland and Hungary, and the visa materials are relatively simplified compared with other EU countries. Students who participate in this project have a higher visa rate when applying for designated schools.
6. Sharing of students' experience in studying in China
6.1 Kajia, a Russian student from China: I am connected with Chinese blood
"During my life in China, I insisted on donating blood to the Chinese people every year, and now it has accumulated more than 2500 ml. My husband is Chinese, my daughter is in grade one of primary school in China. Although I am Russian, I have a deep connection with Chinese blood. "
Kaija, an international student from Russia, is the first doctoral student from the Marxism College of the University of petroleum of China (East China). She married and gave birth to a woman in China, and she had a deep relationship with China. Her strong Chinese feelings and love for Chinese culture make her an ambassador of cultural exchanges between China and Russia.
First understanding China and understanding cultural heritage
"When I was a child, the first bag I got was made in China, with Monkey King on it." Over 20 years later, Kaga still remembers the blue canvas bag of childhood and keeps the surprise of her first knowledge of China in her heart.
As a child, Kajia often read a thick album of Chinese culture, which was full of colorful photos of Chinese culture, and introduced the cultural features and great rivers and mountains of China in detail“ China is a mysterious country. " The idea of going to China was born in Kajia's heart. "Chinese culture is broad and profound, and I must study Chinese well."
Kaija began to study Chinese at the age of 10, and after three years of hard study, Kajia became the best student in Chinese in the class“ Write all the Chinese characters you can't have on the card and read them at any time. " Kaija is not satisfied with learning basic Chinese, gradually contacting some idioms and poems, and understanding the historical stories of China, and the vocabulary is also increasing.
To love Chinese culture, Kajia chose the major of Chinese Linguistics and translation of Khabarovsk National Normal University to study. Due to excellent achievements and the qualification of language experts, Kajia was selected as one of the first three Russian Chinese exchange students and went to Harbin University of technology for communication and study in 2007.
In 2009, Kajia won the scholarship of the Chinese government, became an international student majoring in international trade at Harbin University of engineering, and obtained a master's degree in 2012, and worked in China after graduation. In 2017, she took a doctoral degree in Marxism Sinicization at the University of petroleum of China (East China).
Meet stone big, feel different characteristics
"I have been to Qingdao before I came to study here. It is the first city I came to China to contact. Qingdao people are kind and enthusiastic, and they have helped me a lot in my life." Kaija felt the unique charm of Qingdao, which often touched the hospitality of the Shandong people.
Kaija not only likes the beautiful campus environment of Shida, but also appreciates the concept of open development of the school and the education policy“ My professional knowledge has been improved continuously in the mutual help with my classmates, and my spoken Chinese has been fully trained“ Teachers are very good to me, teaching very patient, students are very friendly, in learning to help me. The position of the school teachers is very high, the atmosphere of respecting teachers and respecting the way is very strong, I am very infected. " In addition to her intense professional study, she also actively participated in various cultural exchanges, served as the host of the talent competition and new year's party for international students, and also participated in the speech competition held by the school and achieved excellent results.
"Shi Da often carries out rich activities in the field of Sino-Russian exchanges, so that students from both countries can communicate closely. Through these activities, I have met a lot of Chinese friends. " In the beautiful and open campus of Shida, Kajia studies Chinese culture hungrily and improves her ability in many ways. Kaija likes a variety of sports, insists on jogging 5 kilometers a day, and has participated in Harbin International Marathon 2016 and Qingdao marathon in 2017.
Merge China and Russia, and set sail for friendship
Born in the Soviet Union, Kajia was cultivated from childhood and was very fond of Marxism and socialism. After coming to China, we can see that China has embarked on the road of rapid development of socialism under the guidance of Marxism, and has further deepened her recognition of Marxism. After studying the direction of Marxism Sinicization, she has a deeper understanding of Marxism and China. After studying, Kaga actively connected the cultural exchange activities between school teachers and Russia. Kaija's active speech in class discusses the new perspective of the theoretical practice of China for master students from the perspective of a Russian. In this regard, her mentor Professor Zhang Longhua praised her: "I can feel her enthusiasm for being the ambassador of cultural exchange between China and Russia, her belief in Marxism will help promote socialism with Chinese characteristics."
"I have spent most of my adult life in China, which has a great impact on my character building, and in a sense, I am already half Chinese." "Kaga said with a smile.
Kaija, while feeling the beauty in China, actively contributes to the cultural exchanges between China and Russia. She was the director of the press office of the State Council of China and the translator and editor of the Russian Journal "partner" of Heilongjiang Provincial Press Office and translated for the talks between the governor of Chelyabinsk and the governor of Heilongjiang Province and Secretary of the provincial Party committee at the Sino Russian International Exposition.
In May 2018, Kajia attended the second world Marxist conference at Peking University, and jointly commemorated the 200th anniversary of Marx's birth with more than 1000 Chinese and foreign scholars from more than 30 countries around the world“ China's development has attracted the attention of the world. It is particularly meaningful to study Marxism at the University of petroleum of China. I hope to make my own contribution to the common development and cultural exchanges between China and Russia through my own study and exchange. " Kaga said. This is her dream in China and she works hard for it.
6.2 "new dream" of the masjid, a foreign student from China: let Chinese open the door of the future
Like most overseas students, Najia, a 25-year-old Russian girl, is not satisfied with learning Chinese only in China. After finishing her undergraduate study of Chinese, she continued to study the master of international political major at Lanzhou University College of political and international relations. For her, learning from the "Chinese experience" has become a "new dream" for her to study in China.
At the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, she heard Chinese on TV and fell in love with this beautiful language. In addition to studying Chinese at the local Confucius Institute in Russia, she also went to Xinjiang University twice to study.
"I will be engaged in Russian Chinese translation in the future. To better understand the characteristics of government work, I need to obtain professional knowledge in politics, economy, international relations, and other aspects." In September 2017, Najia became a master's degree graduate student in international politics at the College of politics and international relations, Lanzhou University.
Now, more and more international students will choose difficult majors, such as medicine, chemistry, management, etc., "China is developing faster and faster. We hope the professional knowledge we have learned in China can be applied to future work".
"The birthday of studying abroad in China has gradually broken the pattern of Chinese learning as the main one before." Zhangjiagang, Dean of the College of international cultural exchange of Lanzhou University, said that the overseas students in the university are divided into three categories: the advanced students who study the Chinese language, the undergraduates who study the Chinese language, and the students who enter the colleges for professional study. Among them, the number of academic students has gradually increased to be a significant change in recent years.