If you want to study abroad and hesitate to study in China or Japan? Today I will do a comprehensive analysis of these two countries. If you want to know, just continue to look down. I believe you will have the answer after reading it.
China, founded on October 1, 1949, is located in the east of Asia and the west coast of the Pacific Ocean. It is a socialist country under the people's democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants. The common language is Putonghua and standard Chinese characters. It is a unified multi-ethnic country with the Han nationality as the main body and 56 nationalities.
China's land area is about 9.6 million square kilometers, the coastline of the eastern and southern continents is more than 18000 kilometers, and the water area of the inland and border seas is about 4.7 million square kilometers. There are more than 7600 islands in the sea area, of which Taiwan island is the largest, with an area of 35798 square kilometers. China borders 14 countries and 8 countries on the sea. The provincial administrative divisions are 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities directly under the central government and 2 special administrative regions.
China is one of the countries with the longest history in the world. It has a splendid splendid culture and glorious revolutionary tradition. The number of world heritages is leading in the world. China is a developing country with the largest population in the world. Its land area ranks the third in the world. It is the second-largest economy in the world and continues to be the largest contributor to world economic growth. In 2020, its total economic volume will exceed 100 trillion yuan. China adheres to an independent foreign policy of peace. As a permanent member of the UN Security Council and an important member of many international organizations, China is regarded as one of the potential superpowers.
Japan, an island country in East Asia, consists of four big islands, namely Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, and more than 6800 small islands, the total area is 378000 square kilometers. The main ethnic group is the Daiwa ethnic group, which uses Japanese and has a total population of 126 million.
Japan is an island country on the west coast of the Pacific Ocean. It faces China, North Korea and South Korea across the East China Sea, the Yellow Sea, the Korean Strait and the Sea of Japan. It belongs to temperate marine monsoon climate, mild and humid all year round. There are more plum rains in June and more typhoons in summer and autumn.
Japan is a highly developed capitalist country and the third-largest economy in the world. It is a member of the G7 and G20. It is short of natural resources and extremely dependent on imports. The developed manufacturing industry is the pillar of the national economy.
Data of international students in China and Japan
From 2009 to 2018, the number of international students in China doubled from 238,200 to 492,200.
As of May 1, 2018, the total number of foreign students enrolled in Japanese universities and language schools has reached approximately 298,900.
China universities and Japan universities
By 2020, there are more than 3000 universities in China, including 137 double first-class universities, of which 42 are first-class universities and 95 are first-class disciplines.
Japan has a small territory and a small population. There are less than 1000 universities and some specialized schools in Japan, which are similar to China's junior colleges. There are "double first-class" universities in China. The Japanese government has also formulated university development plans corresponding to China's "double first-class" construction, such as the super International University plan (37 universities) led by the Ministry of Education, culture, science and technology of Japan in 2014.
In the latest QS Asian university rankings, 124 universities in mainland China topped the list, China's Tsinghua University ranked second. Among the top ten universities, there are seven in China, but none in Japan.
Therefore, in terms of the number and quality of universities, Chinese universities have more choices than Japan.
Education system in China and Japan
Many foreign students feel great pressure when they study in their own country. One British student in China said that students' study time is very tight. For one hour in class, they spend four or five hours after class. There are also many foreign students who say that their country does not have so many educational opportunities and the competition is very fierce. China has a relatively sound educational mechanism, from nine-year compulsory education to university higher education. China has a large population and rich educational resources, but there are also regional differences. For example, the education level of Beijing, Shanghai and other first-tier cities will be higher than that of other regions. And China also encourages students to read more. There is an old Chinese saying "it is never too old to learn". What's more special about China than Japan is that it has adult education, that is, it receives vocational training in vocational schools or educational institutions, and gets academic certification after passing the examination. It also gives many young people who didn't study hard a chance to further their studies.
For foreign students, the study pressure in Chinese universities is relatively not so great, and the students' study and living time can be arranged relatively adequately, reasonably and relatively freely. So if you choose to study in China, you will have many choices, and you can receive very professional courses.
Japan's current education system is determined by the basic law of education drafted according to the national constitution after World War II. The schooling system stipulated in compulsory education has been extended from the original six years to nine years, and the 6334 system has been established, which is six years for primary education, six years for secondary education and four years for higher education. Before primary education, there is preschool education, that is, kindergarten, not school age, generally children before the age of 6.
After nine years of compulsory education, students can choose other ways to enter junior college, or continue to study in ordinary high school, or directly choose employment and other ways. There is a big difference between Japanese and Chinese junior colleges. Their professional characteristics are very strong. They prepare for the cultivation of professionals. Their courses are no easier than ordinary high schools. Moreover, after graduation, students can be admitted to ordinary universities, or they can choose to continue to study in their own junior colleges.
There are also many different types of universities in Japan. In addition to ordinary universities, there are five kinds of institutions: short-term universities, specialized schools, higher specialized schools and graduate schools. Short term university generally for two years, after graduation to get a bachelor's degree. A specialized school is an advanced course in a secondary specialized school. The study time is generally between two and four years. The course is highly professional and has its own characteristics. In fact, the graduate school is no longer a higher education institution, because it is not in the 6334 system and belongs to the further pursuit of academic education. If you choose to study in Japan, you can choose these professional courses.
Chinese and Japanese culture
China is a country with a long civilization. Among the several ancient civilizations in the world, the Chinese civilization has been uninterrupted and has continued to develop to this day. It has a history of more than 5,000 years. China has vast land and resources, a vast territory, and countless historical sites and natural scenery. If you come to China, you will definitely be shocked by China's splendid culture and wonderful natural landscape. During the Tang Dynasty in China, Japan went to China to learn from it and brought Chinese things back to Japan, so now the traces of Chinese culture can be seen in Japanese culture. There are also many students who have come to China to study in China because they choose to study in China because they are deeply attracted by Chinese culture and the Chinese language.
In ancient Japanese mythology, the Japanese called it "Eight Continents" or "Eight Major Islands" and so on. In the second half of the seventh century, the Japanese envoy to the Tang Dynasty changed its country name to "Japan", which means "the place where the sun rises," according to the title in the Chinese Imperial Book, and it is still used today. The Japanese have always regarded the sun as a totem. After the Sui and Tang Dynasties, Japan began to accept Han culture on a large scale. The shadow of China in the Japanese cultural pedigree can be seen everywhere. Japanese, medicine, tea ceremony, food, archery, costumes, etiquette, and the "Yayoi culture" that has a profound influence on Japan are all influenced by China. Especially when the ancient Chinese "Book of Rites" was introduced to Japan, it continued to develop and achieve the so-called "Yamato Civilization".
Chinese and Japanese food
China has a very large territory, a vast territory, countless cuisines, and a very rich food culture. If you want to learn more, you can click on the "Chinese food" section of our website to learn more. Every city in China has its own unique customs and food. There are many foods in China. If you are a person who loves food, then you must not miss China. There was once a foreigner who said to eat all over China, but after ten years, he has not left Sichuan.
Japanese food may be the most inclusive in the world. There are many kinds of flower samples, delicate production, nourishment, and culinary aesthetics. Japanese cooking is both regional and seasonal. Japanese cuisine types include kaiseki, noodles, sushi fillets, hot pot, bento, pickles (pickles), alcohol, etc.
Comprehensive national power of China and Japan
In today's China and Japan, the comprehensive national strength is actually no longer on the same level. We can compare it with that of World War II: At that time, Germany's military technology level and military training level were higher than that of the Soviet Union, but the population was only one-third of the Soviet Union. No, so it was finally pushed back to China by the Soviet Union. This is a manifestation of the gap in national strength between the two sides. Similarly, Japan's military technology and industrial output value are also higher than China's, but its population is only about one-fourth of China's, so it can't beat China.
The contrast between China and Japan today is even more disparity. Not only has Japan's population accounted for one-tenth of China's population, but its industrial output has also fallen to only one-fourth of China's. Moreover, the overall technological strength of the industry has fallen behind China, and only a part of civilian technology is ahead.
From the perspective of per capita industrial output value, China's per capita industrial output value in 2015 was already 40% of Japan's. What's more, in recent years, China's development speed has increased by leaps and bounds. Therefore, considering factors such as land, population, resources, and GDP, China's comprehensive national strength has far surpassed Japan.
Employment opportunities in China and Japan
China has a resounding characteristic "big" in the world, which means it has more job opportunities. Many foreign students studying in China say that it is difficult to find a job in their own country. Therefore, the reason why they choose to study in China is to find a job after graduation. Moreover, coupled with language advantages, it is not only easier for foreigners to find a job in China, but the salary is also relatively high. So if you choose to study in China, you can have many employment opportunities in China.
Japanese society is an aging society, and the labor shortage is already a fact. Now Japan is also adopting a new labor introduction policy to allow foreign laborers to enter Japan and alleviate labor shortages. Japan will support the establishment of a new "designated skills" labor residency in five labor shortage areas: agriculture, social care, construction, hotel, and shipbuilding.
If you have the skills in these five areas, then you should have more job opportunities. Employment visa refers to the visa required for foreigners to engage in "business or activities with salary and remuneration" in Japan. The academic qualifications to apply for an employment visa are all kinds of professionals with a college degree or above and a bachelor's degree.
Compared with the training visa, Japan's employment visa has a significant improvement in personal requirements and salary treatment. It is no longer the minimum wage standard implemented, but the same treatment for Japanese people. However, some local enterprises still have different pay for equal work.
There is also the need to learn Japanese well, the basic conditions of a Japanese work visa: Japanese N2 and above, college degree or above. You can apply for permanent residence after working in Japan for 7 years.
Preferential policies of China and Japan for international students
China has various open policies for foreign students, such as various scholarships. You can apply for various scholarships when you come to study in China, including Chinese government scholarships, municipal government scholarships, Confucius Institute scholarships and school scholarships, etc. There will also be full subsidies, including tuition, living, etc., which is equivalent to studying in China for free.
Moreover, most universities in China have different management and treatment of foreign students and Chinese students. For example, in terms of residence, there will be separate international and domestic areas. Simply put, the international area is called the international student dormitory, and the domestic area is called the student dormitory. Not only the names are different, but the accommodation conditions are also quite different. Both the area and the internal living facilities of the international student dormitory are much better than those of the domestic student dormitory. In addition, international students from some poor countries will also receive various allowances such as living allowances and study allowances, so if you choose to study in China, you can enjoy the very good treatment.
Japanese foreigners have preferential measures for international students in terms of study rewards (scholarships), tuition reduction and exemption measures, medical subsidies, and public admission.
The amount of scholarships varies. About 10,000 students receive this award each year, and about 30,000 students can receive different degrees of tuition reduction and exemption each year. The government provides private universities or short-term universities with no more than 30% of the tuition. Subsidies. Students registered in Japanese higher education institutions can enjoy 80% of medical subsidies when they become ill or suffer accidental injuries. International students who are about to enter graduate school and those who are studying at the highest grade of graduate school or university are admitted as publicly funded international students; in addition, international students can also obtain part-time work permits within 28 hours a week.
Application requirements for studying in China and Japan
Studying in Japan:
Undergraduate studies in Japan require students to have a certain foundation in Japanese. Japanese universities basically teach in Japanese. You must understand Japanese and be able to communicate in Japanese. If your Japanese is not good, the teacher will go to class. You don't understand the content of the content, and it is very difficult to learn, so students will be required to have more than 200 hours of Japanese study time. Japanese schools will require students to have Japanese performance, pass the Japanese language proficiency test, and reach the level of N1.
2. Education background
Undergraduate schools in Japan require students to have completed more than 12 years of education in the country, or you have already taken an undergraduate degree in China, and you must be over 18 years old, but not less than 35 years old.
This is an exam for studying abroad. It is to understand the basics of students studying in China, and whether it is good or not. There will also be an exam of Japanese, as well as an exam of your knowledge of your studies in Japan, and the exams of different undergraduate schools in Japan. The content is different, and the final test score also has a great influence on your admission.
4. College entrance examination results
There is no compulsory requirement for students' college entrance examination scores. Your college entrance examination scores will not have much impact on the Japanese undergraduate you applied for, but it will also serve as one of the minor conditions. If your college entrance examination scores are high, it is beneficial If you apply to a well-known school in Japan, usually as long as the student's college entrance examination score reaches the second line of the country, you will have the opportunity to go to a well-known school in Japan. However, there are individual schools that require college entrance examination scores for students, so you must provide the college entrance examination scores.
Regarding the conditions for studying in China, you can click on the section of our website and compare the conditions for studying in Japan. You will find that the restrictions on studying in China are very loose because the Chinese policy welcomes foreign students to study in China. And China is a country that has experienced a lot of suffering, so the Chinese people are very friendly. Believe me, if you study in China, you will definitely make very good Chinese friends.
The above is all about choosing to study in Japan or China. If you think it is helpful to you, please subscribe to my other articles: How can I get admission in Chinese universities？