Hebei University Library
Hebei University Library is located on the new campus of Hebei University in Baoding city. The former Hebei University Library, Beijiang Museum, was founded in 1921. It is a library attached to the business university founded by the French Catholic Church in Tianjin. With a construction area of 32846 square meters and a collection of more than 3.9 million books, it is one of the national key units for the protection of ancient books approved by the State Council and determined by the Ministry of culture.
1. Venue size
At the beginning of its construction, the library had only 400 square meters of buildings and more than 100 reading seats. By 1992, the new library, which was donated by Mr. Run Shaw, a famous patriot in Hong Kong and invested by the provincial government, was completed, with a total area of 14533 square meters. In May 2001, the "Shuhua electronic intelligence center of Hebei University" donated by the Hong Kong fangshufutang foundation was completed. The mirror website of the China Academic Journal Network introduced by the center is the largest academic journal database in China.
2. Collection resources
The characteristics of the documents in the library of Hebei University are as follows: long history, rich quantity, diverse varieties, both Chinese and foreign collection; strong comprehensiveness, covering all specialties of our university, as well as emerging, cross and marginal disciplines; rich ancient books, long history, precious varieties, with high academic value and cultural relic value. Since its establishment in 1921, after more than 80 years of cultural accumulation, the library has more than 3.9 million volumes of various paper books, including 2208252 volumes of the library, 338816 volumes of the medical department, 515759 volumes of College (Department, center) reference room, and 860000 volumes of electronic books.
2) Newspapers and periodicals
The collection of newspapers and periodicals has a long history and abundant quantity. There are more than 200000 volumes and 4000 kinds of newspapers and periodicals. Among them, there are more than 150000 volumes and 3500 kinds of Chinese newspapers and periodicals, and more than 50000 volumes and 600 kinds of foreign newspapers and periodicals. More than 1500 kinds of Chinese periodicals, 160 kinds of foreign periodicals, and 90 kinds of newspapers are ordered every year, which basically covers all disciplines of our university. More than 80% of the professional journals in the collection are core journals. Chemical Abstracts, a western language journal, has been collected since its inception. There are 21 kinds of newspapers published before liberation in the Chinese newspaper library. There are 208 newspapers published after the founding of the people's Republic of China, including Shenbao, Ta Kung Pao, Republic of China Daily, Beiyang Government Gazette, and Xinhua Daily, which was founded by our party in the early days, Jiefang Daily, people's daily, etc. Also, there is the Dianshizhai pictorial, the earliest stone print pictorial in China.
3) Ancient books and documents
There are more than 26200 kinds of ancient books and more than 180000 copies. Among them, there are 363 rare books, 4959 copies; 866 rare books, 8033 copies; 17 solitary books, 238 copies. The main collection features are local chronicles and genealogy. Also, the collection of maps, paintings, calligraphy, celebrity letters, and inscriptions rubbings are very rich.
Local records books are a feature of ancient books. There are 1158 kinds of local chronicles and 10344 volumes in the collection, most of which are published in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China, but there are also many rare ones, such as the Jiajing edition of Shandong Tongzhi, Longmen Zhi and Shihu Zhilue in the Ming Dynasty, the Wanli edition of Wuyi Zhilue in the Ming Dynasty, the Kangxi edition of Baodi County Zhi, Jinzhou Zhi, the Yongzheng edition of Jiangxi Tongzhi, the Qianlong edition of Panshan Zhi and Qishan County Zhi Literature reference value. Shi Hu Zhi Lue has the inscriptions and postscripts written by Huang pile, a famous scholar and bibliophile in Qing Dynasty. It is an exclusive collection in China and is very precious.
Genealogical books are also a feature of ancient books. There are 835 genealogies with 173 surnames in the collection. Most of them are published in the Ming, Qing, and the early Republic of China and wooden movable type. Among them, there are more than 30 rare editions. The earliest edition is Xin'an Wang's genealogy compiled by Wang Yunlong in 1377. Hebei University Library's collection of ancient books and genealogies can be called "the first collection of literary talent in China and Hebei Province" in terms of both quantity and format.
Some ancient books, such as maps, paintings, calligraphy, manuscripts, rubbings, and so on, are included in the collection, such as the complete map of Kunyu drawn by Belgian missionary Nan Huairen in the 13th year of Kangxi, the atlas of the world published by Altay Zhengpu publishing house in 1601, the eighteen Yingzhen volumes drawn by Ming Dynasty Painting Academy on the leaves of Bodhi, and the famous landscape, flower and bird painter Shen Yingzhen in Ming Dynasty Zhou's Shi Tian Zhen Ji, Qing Dynasty Zeng Guofan, Zhang Zhidong, Mo Youzhi, Yan Xiu, Xu Shichang, Zai Ying, Pu Wei, Pu Ru, and other celebrities' letters, Tang Sanzang Sheng Jiao Xu Bei Tuo, Confucius' sword carving Zhen Ji and Yin began rubbings are all art treasures to enrich the collection of ancient books and documents.
Also, the collection of two large-scale literature series, namely "modern Chinese historical materials series" and "Chinese reconstruction rare books" series. The series of modern Chinese historical materials is divided into three parts, including 100 original and 128 volumes, 100 sequels and 1079 volumes, and 88 three volumes and 927 volumes, covering memorials of modern celebrities, political books, chronicles, notes, diaries, collections of poems and essays, as well as the compilation of classics and steles, among which most of them are solitary copies at home and abroad. This series of photocopies is a collection of modern Chinese historical documents. "The rare edition of Chinese reconstruction" is a large series of books worth 3 million yuan distributed by the Ministry of Education for our school in 2005. This series is divided into five parts, from Tang Dynasty to Qing Dynasty, including Tang Song edition, Jin Yuan edition, Ming Dynasty edition, Qing Dynasty edition, and ethnic minority literature edition. The rich selection, excellent photocopying, and high academic value of this series have not been found yet.
3. Treasure of town hall
Impossible Black Tulip of Cartography
During the reign of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty, Nan Huairen, a Jesuit, was ordered to make the complete map of Kunyu, which is the first complete world map in the history of the modern world map. At present, one copy of the complete picture of Kunyu is kept in the Palace Museum of Taiwan, and the other is kept in the library of Hebei University. Currently, it is located in the library of the new campus of Hebei University, which is the treasure of the library. The reason why such a precious cultural relic is treasured by Hebei University is that its predecessor was Tianjin Business University founded by French Jesuits in 1921.
The map of the world was compiled by Italian M. Matteo Ricci (1552-1610) in China during the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty. In the 36th year of Wanli (1608), 12 copies were painted by Ming court artists. The extant edition is one of the 12 copies. This book was originally six strip screens, but now it is mounted in a large frame. The width is 168.7 cm in length and 380.2 cm in width. In the top right corner of the picture, there are six words: "the whole picture of Kunyu". The main map is an oval map of the world. Also, there are some small astronomical and geographical maps: the nine-fold sky map in the upper right corner, the sky and earth chart in the lower right corner, the equatorial northern hemisphere map, and the sun and moon eclipse map in the upper left corner, the equatorial southern hemisphere map and the mid-air map in the lower-left corner, and the sky scale map is attached to the lower left of the main map. There are 9 sailboats in each ocean, 15 marine animals such as whales, sharks, and sea lions, and 8 land animals such as rhinoceros, elephants, lions, and ostriches in Antarctica.