Hunan University originated from the Yuelu Academy, founded in 976 AD. Through the changes of the Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties, it has always maintained the continuity of cultural education and teaching. In 1903, it was restructured into Hunan Higher School. In 1926, it was named Hunan University. In 1937, it became one of the 16 national universities under the Ministry of Education of the National Government. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Li Da, a representative of the “First National Congress of the Communist Party of China” and educator, became the first president of Hunan University in New China, and Comrade Mao Zedong wrote the name of the school. In 2000, Hunan University merged with Hunan University of Finance and Economics to form the new Hunan University.
In the long history of running a school, the school has inherited and carried forward the fine tradition of "Preaching and helping the people, patriotism and pragmatism, practical application, and inclusiveness", and has accumulated the school motto "Seek truth from facts, dare to be the first", and the school spirit "be knowledgeable, wise, and diligent." The Huda spirit, with "knowledge and knowledge" as the core, has established the overall goal of talent cultivation of "solid foundation, broad vision, and both ability and political integrity". It has formed the school-running characteristics of traditional cultural education and strengthened practical teaching, and has cultivated a large number of senior professionals with "solid foundation, active thinking, strong adaptability, and high comprehensive quality" for the country and society. Many graduates have grown into famous experts and scholars. Outstanding entrepreneurs and outstanding party and government management talents, 39 teachers and students were successively elected as members of the "Faculty" and academicians of the "Chinese Academy of Sciences". The school has a graduate school and 25 colleges, with disciplines covering 11 categories including philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history, science, engineering, management, medicine, and art. There are 28 first-level disciplines authorized by doctoral degree, 3 authorized first-level disciplines for a doctoral degree, 35 first-level disciplines authorized for master's degree, 26 authorized professional degrees for master's degree, 63 undergraduate admission majors, and 2 first-level disciplines of national key disciplines. There are 14 secondary disciplines of national key disciplines and 28 post-doctoral research mobile stations. At present, 9 disciplines have entered the top 1% of ESI rankings, of which engineering and chemistry are among the top 1‰, 7 disciplines have been selected as national defense disciplines, and chemistry and mechanical engineering have entered the ranks of the Ministry of Education's "world-class construction disciplines".
The school currently has more than 36,000 full-time students, including more than 20,000 undergraduates and more than 15,000 postgraduates. There are more than 4000 faculty members, including 2231 full-time teachers, 12 academicians, 6 members of the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council, 42 national special talents, 22 winners of the National Outstanding Youth Science Fund, and winners of the National Outstanding Youth Science Fund There are 21 people, 6 of whom have won the National Teaching Teacher Award, 14 of the Young Science and Technology Innovation Leaders in the Innovative Talent Promotion Program of the Ministry of Science and Technology, and 134 of the New Century Excellent Talents Support Program of the Ministry of Education. It has 4 "Innovative Research Groups" from the National Natural Science Foundation of China and 8 innovation teams from the Ministry of Education.
The school has 4 national-level talent training bases, 4 national-level experimental teaching demonstration centers, 1 national-level virtual simulation experimental teaching center, 7 national-level teaching teams, 6 talent training model innovation experimental areas, and was selected as the country's first To approve and deepen innovation and entrepreneurship education reform model universities, national innovation and entrepreneurship model experience universities, and national universities practice education innovation and entrepreneurship bases. In recent years, the school has won 2 first prizes and 7-second prizes of the National Teaching Achievement Award; it has 44 national quality video open courses, national quality resource sharing courses, and national quality online open courses.
The school has 2 national key laboratories, 2 national engineering technology research centers, 3 national international cooperation bases, 1 national engineering laboratory, 1 national defense key subject laboratory of the National Defense Science and Technology Bureau, and 4 key laboratories of the Ministry of Education There are 5 engineering research centers of the Ministry of Education, 4 subject innovation and intelligence introduction bases of higher education institutions of the Ministry of Education, and 3 national “2011 Collaborative Innovation Centers” participated in the establishment. In recent years, the number of high-cited papers and the proportion of high-cited papers published by the school has continued to rise, ranking among the top universities in the world for the construction of world-class universities. In the past three years, it has won 13 national science and technology awards (the leading 8), among which the National Science and Technology Progress One 1 prize (innovative team), 3 first prizes for technological progress, 4-second prizes, 3-second prizes for natural sciences, and 2-second prizes for technological inventions.
The school has established a national university science park and a "two mountains and one lake" innovation and entrepreneurship base and has established a cooperative relationship with 32 provinces (cities, districts) and thousands of enterprises. The school has a scientific and technological achievement transformation center (intellectual property center), and the operation and management National Supercomputing (Changsha) Center is the third national supercomputing center, providing high-tech services to hundreds of user units including universities, scientific research institutions, governments, enterprises, and institutions. Performance computing, cloud computing, and big data processing services.
The school has established cooperation and exchange relations with more than 160 universities and scientific research institutions in the world, recruited various international students from 108 countries and regions, and has established overseas internship bases for students. Nearly 2,000 students have gone abroad for cooperation. Institutional exchange study or joint training. Confucius Institutes were established in the United States, Canada, and South Korea.
The school campus covers an area of 2,397,700 square meters, with a school building area of 1,446,300 square meters. As of the end of 2019, the school has a collection of 7,421,400 books and 154 databases in Chinese and foreign languages. The entire network supports the next-generation Internet IPV6. The 10-Gigabit backbone terrestrial wired and wireless network has covered all teaching buildings, office buildings, and student apartments, combined with mobile technology to achieve multi-channel information teaching, management, and services.
"Mountains are lofty, Xiangshui is torrential, and the university is opened to greatness and prosperity; inherited from Zhu and Zhang's, taking the strengths of Europe and the United States", Hunan University, which has experienced thousands of years of vicissitudes, will take Xi Jinping’s thoughts on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era as a guide and take root in the land of China. , Bravely shoulder the historical mission, be committed to the first-class goal, strive for first-class performance, accelerate the construction of world-class universities, and make due contributions to the realization of the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation!