Northwest A&F University is located in Yangling, Shaanxi, the birthplace of Chinese agricultural civilization and a national agricultural high-tech industry demonstration zone. It is directly affiliated to the Ministry of Education and the country’s original "985 Project" and "211 Project" key construction universities. "First-class universities and first-class disciplines" build universities. The current party secretary Li Xingwang and principal Wu Pute.
The predecessor of the school was the National Northwest Agricultural and Forestry College established in 1934. It was the earliest higher education institution of agriculture and forestry in the Northwest. Since its birth, the school has been closely related to the destiny of the country and the nation, sharing honor and disgrace, and shouldering the historical responsibility of building the northwest, promoting education and agriculture, and cultivating talents. In September 1999, the Party Central Committee and the State Council, to implement the western development strategy and promote the overall reform of the science and education system, will co-locate the former Northwest Agricultural University, Northwest Forestry College, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Ministry of Water Resources of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Northwest Water Conservancy Science of the Ministry of Water Resources. Seven scientific and educational institutions including the Institute, Shaanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shaanxi Academy of Forestry Sciences, and Northwest Institute of Botany, Shaanxi Academy of Sciences, merged to form Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, and implemented a joint construction mechanism between ministries and academies, giving the school support and leadership in arid and semi-arid conditions An important mission for the development of modern agriculture in the region. In 2019, the Ministry of Education and other seven provinces, institutes, and bureaus jointly issued opinions to continue to deepen the joint construction of Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, and jointly support the school to accelerate the construction of a world-class agricultural university, bringing new opportunities for school development.
Since the establishment of the school more than 80 years, generations of Western farmers have been adhering to the school-running philosophy of "administering the country, solving people's livelihood, and advocating science", abide by the school motto of "sincerity, simplicity, and courage", inherit the aspirations of the ancient god of agriculture, Huji, and practice contemporary "teaching the people. "It has formed the "rooted in Yangling, has the community in mind, has a foothold on the loess, loves agriculture, rural areas, and farmers is willing to endure hardships and pursue excellence" and the western agricultural science and culture of "unity, truth-seeking, tenacity, and self-confidence". A road of running a school with close integration of production, teaching, and research has been established, which has made important contributions to the promotion of China's agricultural modernization and the development of agricultural science and education.
The school has 27 colleges (departments, departments, institutes) and graduate schools, a total of 14 post-doctoral mobile stations, 16 doctoral degree authorized first-level disciplines, 27 master's degree authorized first-level disciplines, and 1 doctoral professional degree authorization category. There are 17 authorized categories for master's degrees and 74 undergraduate majors. There are 7 national key disciplines and 2 national key (cultivation) disciplines; agricultural science, botany and zoology, engineering, environmental science and ecology, chemistry, biology and biochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology, molecular The 9 disciplines of biology, genetics, and microbiology are among the top 1% of ESI global disciplines, and the two disciplines of agricultural science, botany and zoology are among the top 1‰ of ESI. At present, it has developed into a higher agricultural college with the most complete agricultural, forestry, and water disciplines in the country.
As early as when the school was founded in 1934, the school began to recruit undergraduates, and in 1941 it began to recruit graduate students. For a long time, the school has adhered to the overall thinking of "thick foundation, wide-ranging, strong practice, emphasis on innovation, high quality, and internationalization", and strives to cultivate strong ideals and beliefs, social responsibility, and feelings of "three rural", innovative spirit and practical ability With an international perspective, it serves academic elites, innovation, and entrepreneurial technology leaders and social development management talents serving the development of modern agriculture. The school attaches great importance to first-class undergraduate education and actively participates in the construction of "new agricultural sciences". 25 majors have been selected as national first-class undergraduate majors, and "biological science top-notch student training base" has been selected as the top-notch student training program 2.0 in basic disciplines of the Ministry of Education. It has 1 national life science and technology talent training base, 3 national-level talent training model innovation experimental areas, 12 national-level characteristic majors, and 8 majors in the "Excellent Agricultural and Forestry Talent Education and Training Program". The agronomy major has passed the agricultural major (level 3) certification, and the hydrology and water resources engineering, agricultural water conservancy engineering, water conservancy and hydropower engineering, food science, and engineering majors have passed the engineering education certification. There are 2 national "Ten Thousand Talents Program" teaching teachers, 2 national teaching teachers, 5 national teaching teams, 12 national quality courses, 8 national quality resource sharing courses, and 4 national video public courses. There are 20 national-level first-class undergraduate courses, and 52 national-level "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" and "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" textbooks have been selected.
The school insists on establishing morality and fostering people, promoting the all-round development of students, and has a comprehensive quality education college. Attach importance to the cultivation of college students' innovative ability, encourage and support students to participate in various high-level discipline competitions, innovation and entrepreneurship project training and practice, and won the gold medal of the national "Internet +" competition three times, ranking first in the country's agricultural and forestry universities. Since the establishment of the school, more than 200,000 talents of various types have been cultivated and delivered to society. Graduates have been spread all over the world. 19 alumni have become academicians of the two academies, and have made important contributions to the modernization of agriculture and the development of rural economy and society in the northwest and even the whole country.
The school adheres to the scientific and technological work policy of "topping the sky" and "situation", aiming at the frontiers of international science and technology, closely following the national strategic needs and regional development needs, and actively carrying out applied basic research and applied technology research for the actual agricultural production, and in the genetic breeding of crops It has formed distinctive features and advantages in research fields such as pest control, soil and water conservation and ecological restoration, high-efficiency agricultural water use in arid areas, breeding and healthy breeding of livestock and poultry, agricultural biotechnology, grapes, and wine. Since the establishment of the school, the school has accumulatively obtained more than 6,000 scientific and technological achievements and more than 1,800 award-winning achievements. It has cultivated the world's largest fine wheat variety "Bi Ma No. 1" with the largest cumulative promotion area, the distant hybrid wheat variety "Xiaoyan No. 6" that has long led to the replacement of wheat varieties in my country, and the finest apple variety with the largest area of independent cultivation and promotion in my country The direct economic benefits of "Qin Guan" and other important scientific and technological achievements have exceeded 300 billion yuan in the promotion and transformation.
Since the establishment of the school, the school has kept in mind the national mission of serving the sustainable development of the arid areas and has always been at the forefront of the promotion of the development of the western region, the construction of the national “One Belt and One Road”, and the rural revitalization strategy. It has won a total of 44 national science and technology awards and hosted the completion of the province There are 91 first-class prizes and 1,667 national authorized invention patents. The series of key technologies for high-quality, high-efficiency, and green production of apples in the Loess Plateau has been studied, supporting and leading the Loess Plateau to become the world's largest production base for high-quality apples. The established soil erosion control technology system overcomes the global problem of ecological environment construction in the Loess Plateau, boosts the green map of Shaanxi to move 400 kilometers northward, and plays an important role in the country's implementation of the project of returning farmland to the forest (grass).
The school has accumulated and formed a fine tradition of being close to the "three rural" and serving the society in its long-term school-running practice. Since the establishment of the school, the school has actively exerted its social service function, facing the development needs of national and regional leading industries, and actively carried out demonstration and promotion of scientific and technological achievements and industrialized services. It is the first to explore and practice a new model of agricultural science and technology promotion based on universities in China, establish scientific and technological cooperation with more than 500 local governments or leading enterprises, and establish 28 agricultural science and technology experimental demonstration stations and 46 demonstration bases in the central area of regional leading industries. A fast channel for university agricultural science and technology achievements to enter villages and households has been constructed, and more than 80 billion yuan of direct economic benefits have been created. Actively participate in poverty alleviation, focusing on the two main lines of "industrial poverty alleviation" and "education poverty alleviation", and explored the "three groups and one team" fixed-point poverty alleviation work model, which was selected by the Ministry of Education as the "Ten Typical Projects of Targeted Poverty Alleviation and Targeted Poverty Alleviation in Directly-affiliated Universities", The targeted poverty alleviation work has been evaluated as "good" by the State Council Leading Group for Poverty Alleviation and Development for three consecutive years. In the first batch of construction of the New Countryside Development Research Institute in the country, the establishment of the Rural Revitalization Strategy Research Institute, the Shaanxi Rural Revitalization Industry Research Institute, and the Farmer Development Institute have provided important intellectual support for the modernization of agriculture and rural areas in the new era.
The school adheres to open education and actively expands international cooperation and exchanges in science, technology, and education by strengthening substantive cooperation with world-class universities and academic institutions, forming a new pattern of all-around, multi-level, and multi-channel international cooperation and exchanges. It has successively established inter-school cooperation relationships with more than 152 well-known universities or scientific research institutions in 35 countries around the world, and an average of 1,000 foreign (overseas) scholars come to the school for academic exchanges every year. Jointly launched two Sino-foreign cooperative education projects in food science and engineering and environmental science with the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and the University of Arizona. The school is qualified to receive Chinese government scholarships for international students, and there are currently 318 international students of various types. The internationalization of the school has realized the transition from “promoting internal affairs from outside” to “acting abroad”. It actively participates in the construction of the “Belt and Road” and has gradually become a high ground for my country to carry out international agricultural exchanges and cooperation and serve the construction of the Silk Road Economic Belt. The "Silk Road Agricultural Education Technology Innovation Alliance" led by the establishment has a wide range of influence. Take the lead in establishing 8 agricultural science and technology demonstration parks and 3 overseas talent training bases in countries along the Silk Road. Co-build the SCO Agricultural Technology Exchange and Training Demonstration Base with Yangling Demonstration Zone, take the lead in establishing the SCO Modern Agricultural Development Research Institute, establish the SCO International Joint Laboratory, and join the SCO University (leading the direction of modern agriculture). Approved building a Confucius Classroom at Baranovichi State University in Belarus.
Stepping into the new era, Northwest A&F University will fully implement the party’s educational policy, guided by the spirit of "Replying Letters" from General Secretary Xi Jinping to the secretaries, presidents, and expert representatives of agricultural colleges and universities across the country, and earnestly implement the fundamental task of "cultivating people by virtue", Always adhere to the two endeavors of “topping the sky” and “situation”, continue to implement the three strategies of strengthening the school with talents, internationalization, and informatization, and actively undertake the four aspects of ensuring national food security, maintaining ecological civilization, promoting human health, and serving rural revitalization. The mission of the university is to strive for the cultivation of outstanding agricultural and forestry talents, lead the future agricultural development in arid and semi-arid areas, assist in the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, promote the construction of the “Belt and Road” and the deep integration of the school and the "five benchmarks", and perform solidly. The historical task of rejuvenating agriculture is to accelerate the construction of a world-class agricultural university with Chinese characteristics, and work hard to realize the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation!