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Shanghai Jiao Tong University

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Shanghai Jiao Tong University is one of the most famous universities in China with the longest history and well-known at home and abroad. It is a national key university directly under the Ministry of Education and jointly established with Shanghai. After 125 years of unremitting efforts, Shanghai Jiao Tong University has become a first-class domestic and internationally renowned university, and at a new historical node, it has further clarified the vision of building a "comprehensive, innovative, and international" world-class university.

 

At the end of the 19th century, the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 was defeated and the nation was in distress. Sheng Xuanhuai, a well-known modern industrialist and educator in modern China, upholds the belief that "self-reliance is to reserve talents, and talents must first start learning". In 1896, he founded Nanyang College, the predecessor of Jiaotong University in Shanghai. At the beginning of the establishment of the school, the school established the purpose of "seeking realism and doing business", intending to cultivate "first-class talents", diligent, enterprising, and tireless. In the 1920s and 1930s, the school has become a well-known higher education in China. The university is known as the "Eastern Massachusetts Institute of Technology". During the Anti-Japanese War, the majority of teachers and students went through hardships, moved to the concession, moved to Chongqing, and insisted on running schools. Many students devoted themselves to the military and took a bloody battle. On the eve of liberation, teachers and students actively participated in the democratic revolution, and the school was known as the "fortress of democracy."

 

In the early days of the founding of New China, to meet the needs of the country's economic construction and build the new China's higher education system, the school adjusted a considerable number of advantageous majors and teaching equipment to support the development of domestic fraternal colleges. In the mid-1950s, the school responded to the country's call for building a greater northwest and experienced westward migration and division. It was divided into Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Xi'an. In March 1959, the two parts were listed as national key universities at the same time. In July, they were independently established under the approval of the State Council. The Shanghai part of Jiaotong University adopted the name "Shanghai Jiao Tong University". In the 1960s and 1970s, the school was under the leadership of the National Defense Science and Technology Commission and the Sixth Ministry of Machinery Industry, actively engaged in national defense talent training and national defense scientific research, and made great contributions to the "two bombs and one satellite" and national defense modernization.

 

Since the reform and opening up, the school has been determined to advance the reform with the spirit of "dare to be the first in the world": the first to form a delegation of professors to visit the United States, the first to implement the reform of the school management system, and the first to accept huge donations from overseas friends, which have strongly promoted the school's teaching. Scientific research reform. In 1984, Comrade Deng Xiaoping cordially met with school leaders and representatives of teachers and students and fully affirmed the various reforms of the school. With the strong support of the state and Shanghai, the school aims to "improve the level and create a first-class" and take the discipline construction as the leader. It has successively restored and built science, management, life, law and humanities. In 1999, Shanghai Agricultural College was merged; in 2005, it merged with Shanghai Second Medical University. So far, the school has completed the discipline layout of a comprehensive university. Through the construction of the national "211 Project" and "985 Project" and "Double First-Class" projects, the school has gradually gathered high-level talents, and its scientific research strength has been rapidly improved, which has realized the transformation to a research university. At the same time, the school has achieved important breakthroughs in the implementation of its internationalization strategy through cooperation with world-class universities such as the University of Michigan in the United States. The construction of the Minhang campus started in 1985. After more than 30 years, it has been basically constructed into a modern university campus with perfect facilities and a beautiful environment, and the shift of the school's focus to the Minhang campus has been completed. The school currently has campuses in Xuhui, Minhang, Huangpu, Changning, Pudong, etc., with a total area of ​​more than 3 million square meters. Through a series of reforms and constructions, the school's various school-running indicators have risen sharply, achieving leapfrog development, and the overall strength has been significantly enhanced, laying a solid foundation for building a world-class university.

 

Jiaotong University always regards talent training as the fundamental task of running a school. For more than 100 years, the school has trained more than 400,000 outstanding talents for the country and society, including a group of outstanding politicians, scientists, social activists, industrialists, engineering and technical experts and medical experts, such as Jiang Zemin and Lu Ding 1. Ding Guangen, Wang Daohan, Qian Xuesen, Wu Wenjun, Xu Guangxian, Huang Xuhua, Zhang Guangdou, Huang Yanpei, Shao Lizi, Li Shutong, Cai E, Zou Taofen, Yan Junqi, Chen Minzhang, Wang Zhenyi, Chen Zhu, etc. Among the academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, there are more than 200 Jiaotong University alumni; among the 23 national "two bombs and one-star" heroes, there are 6 Jiaotong University alumni; among the national top science and technology award winners, 4 are from Jiaotong University. Jiaotong University has created many "firsts" in China's modern development history: China's earliest internal combustion engine, earliest electric motor, earliest Chinese typewriter, etc.; New China's first 10,000-ton ship, first nuclear submarine, first hovercraft, and A hydrofoil, self-designed first-generation fighter, the first launch vehicle, the first artificial satellite, the first cardiac mitral valve separation, the first successful orthotopic liver transplantation, the first The successful rescue operations of large-scale burn patients, the first university translation and publishing agency, and the largest number of local documents are all condensed with the wisdom of masters, students and alumni. Since the reform and opening up, a group of young alumni has emerged from all over the world and from all walks of life.

 

By the end of 2020, the school has 33 colleges/direct departments, 13 affiliated hospitals, 2 affiliated medical research institutes, 23 directly affiliated units, and 5 directly affiliated enterprises. There are 17,071 full-time undergraduates (domestic), 14,589 full-time postgraduates, 9903 full-time doctoral students, 2513 international students, including 1488 postgraduates; 3307 full-time teachers, including 1083 professors; 25 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Names, 23 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (including 1 academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering), 159 winners of the National Outstanding Youth Fund, 27 top-notch young talents, 47 Yangtze River Scholars Youth Project, 141 winners of the Outstanding Youth Science Fund, national key foundation Research and Development Plan (973 Plan) 35 Chief Scientists (2 Young Scientists), 14 Chief Scientists of the National Major Scientific Research Plan, 18 Innovation Research Groups of the National Foundation of China, 20 Innovation Teams of the Ministry of Education, National Key R&D Program Projects 117 winners (14 winners of the youth project).

 

The school has 71 undergraduate majors, including 43 national first-class professional construction points, 1 provincial-level first-rate professional construction point, covering nine disciplines including economics, law, literature, science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, management and art Category; since the new century, it has won 61 higher education national teaching achievement awards (39 of which are the first completion units); it has 16 national experimental teaching, virtual simulation experimental teaching and Shanghai experimental teaching demonstration centers; There are 2 famous teaching teachers in the "Personal Plan", 1 national special support plan for high-level talents, 9 winners of the National High School Teaching Teacher Award, 36 Shanghai Teaching Teachers Award winners, 16 national teaching teams, Shanghai teaching 15 teams; 33 national first-class undergraduate courses were selected, including 13 national quality video open courses, 19 national quality resource sharing courses, 27 national quality online open courses, and 7 national bilingual demonstration courses; Shanghai There are 183 excellent courses and 53 demonstrative English courses in Shanghai universities. The school was awarded the first batch of national "demonstration bases for innovation and innovation", established a student innovation center, and was selected as the first batch of Sino-US youth maker exchange centers. "Study in Jiaotong University" is becoming a bright business card of Shanghai Jiao Tong University in the new era, and the overall level of schooling and international status of the school has continuously jumped to a new level.

 

The school has 17 disciplines selected into the national "double first-class" construction disciplines, ranking fourth among universities in the country; 11 disciplines were selected as Shanghai's peak plateau disciplines; in the fourth round of academic evaluation, 25 disciplines of the school were selected as category A. The school has 47 first-level discipline doctoral degree authorization points, covering 10 disciplines such as economics, law, literature, science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, management, etc.; 56 first-level discipline master degree authorization points, covering 12 disciplines Categories; 7 professional doctoral degree categories; 31 professional master degree categories; 38 post-doctoral mobile stations; 129 scientific and technological innovation bases of various types, including 28 national level, 82 provincial and ministerial levels, 11 international cooperation, and 8 others Including: 1 national major scientific and technological infrastructure, 8 national key (level) laboratories, 1 national innovation base, 1 national laboratory, 1 national frontier science center, 1 national integrated research platform, 3 1 national collaborative innovation center, 1 national application data center, 5 national engineering research centers, 2 national engineering laboratories, 2 national R&D centers, 3 national clinical medicine research centers; 18 key laboratories of the Ministry of Education, 11 international cooperation joint scientific and technological innovation bases, 4 key laboratories of the Ministry of Health, 1 key laboratory of the Ministry of Agriculture, 1 key national defense laboratory, 37 Shanghai key laboratories, 7 engineering research centers of the Ministry of Education, 15 2 Shanghai Engineering Technology Research Centers, 4 Shanghai Engineering Research Centers, 4 Shanghai Functional Platforms, and 10 Shanghai Professional Technical Service Platforms. 1 National Social Science Fund decision-making consultation point, 1 Shanghai key think tank, 7 Shanghai philosophy and social science innovation research bases, 4 Shanghai University think tanks, 3 Shanghai people's government decision-making consultation research bases (expert studios) , 2 Shanghai soft science bases, 1 soft science research base of the Ministry of Education, etc. Currently, several research institutions are being built to meet the frontiers of the world's basic sciences and national strategic needs.

 

The level of scientific research and technological innovation has been continuously improved. In the past 20 years, it has won 99 national science and technology awards and 408 Shanghai awards. In 2019, the "Marine Large-scale Cutter Suction Dredging Equipment" jointly developed by the team of Professor Tan Jiahua and six units of "20 years of grinding a sword" won the National Science and Technology Progress Special Award, achieving a historic breakthrough; 7 projects won the National Science and Technology Award The total number of awards ranked second in the country; 19 achievements were awarded the "Three Awards" of the Ministry of Education, the total number ranked first in the country; the total number of National Natural Science Foundation projects ranked first in the country for 11 consecutive years. In 2020, the school will win 8 national science and technology awards, ranking second among universities in the country. One of the results is planned to be awarded the first prize of the National Technology Invention Award (special project). There are 7 first prizes of the Ministry of Education, ranking third among universities in the country. The Shanghai Science and Technology Award has 1 special prize and 21 first prizes, ranking first in Shanghai; the number of papers included in SCI has ranked among the top domestic universities for many years, reaching 7203 in 2019 and 8239 in 2020; Nature, The publication of papers in top magazines such as Science and Cell has gradually become the norm; think tanks such as the China Urban Governance Research Institute have made great contributions to the people, and their influence has become increasingly apparent; based in Shanghai, radiating across the country, the construction of the Li Zhengdao Institute and the Zhangjiang Science Park has been steadily advancing. The construction of the global science and innovation center contributes to the building.

 

Shanghai Jiao Tong University's profound cultural heritage, the long tradition of running schools, and strenuous development history, especially the great achievements since the reform and opening up, have attracted attention at home and abroad. This century-old university of talents is riding the wind, with the mission of inheriting civilization and seeking truth, and the mission of revitalizing China and benefiting mankind, and striving towards the goal of a world-class university with Chinese characteristics!

 

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