Xi'an Jiaotong University is the first well-known institution of higher learning established in my country and well-known at home and abroad. It is a key university directly under the Ministry of Education.
At the end of the nineteenth century, the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 was defeated and the nation was in distress. Sheng Xuanhuai, a famous industrialist and educator in modern times, upholds the belief that “ self-reliance is to reserve talents, and talents must first start learning ”. In 1896, Nanyang College was established in Shanghai, and in 1921 it was named Jiao Tong University. The school adheres to the school-running mission of " seeking realism and doing business ", and emphasizes the goal of " cultivating the first-class character, seeking first-class knowledge, creating a first-class career, and becoming a first-class talent ". In the 1920s and 1930s, a famous university with unique " science and engineering management " characteristics was formed, and it was known as the "MIT" of the East. During the Anti-Japanese War, the school moved to the concession, Chongqing, and insisted on running schools in Shanghai and Chongqing. To resist foreign aggression, many students took part in the army and took a bloody battle. On the eve of liberation, teachers and students actively participated in the democratic revolution and liberation struggle, and the school was known as the " fortress of democracy. "
In 1955, the central government decided to move Jiaotong University to Xi'an; in 1956, teachers and students moved to Xi'an in batches; in 1957, it was divided into two parts of Jiaotong University, Xi'an and Shanghai, under unified leadership; in 1959, the Xi'an part of Jiaotong University was named Xi'an Jiaotong University In the same year, it was listed as one of the 16 key universities in the country. In 2000, the State Council decided to merge the three schools of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an Medical University, and Shaanxi University of Finance and Economics to form the new Xi'an Jiaotong University.
The school is a key construction unit of the " Seventh Five-Year Plan " and " Eighth Five-Year Plan ", and was among the first to enter the national "211" and "985" project construction schools. In 2017, it was selected as a category A construction university in the national " double first-class " construction list, and 8 disciplines were selected as first-class construction disciplines.
The school is a comprehensive research university with science and engineering characteristics, covering 9 disciplines: science, engineering, medicine, economics, management, literature, law, philosophy, and art. It has 27 colleges (departments, centers) and 9 undergraduates. College and 3 directly affiliated hospitals. There are currently 6,538 faculty members, including 3729 full-time teachers. Among the faculty are 44 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 national-level teaching teachers, 49 winners of the National Science Fund for Outstanding Youth, 26 national experts with outstanding contributions, the national "Hundred, Thousand, Thousand, and Thousand, Thousand Talents Project" and the "New Century There are 31 candidates for the Talent Project, 29 for the innovation team leader of the Ministry of Education, 234 for the “New Century Excellent Talent Training Program” of the Ministry of Education, and 481 experts who have made outstanding contributions to the country and enjoyed special government allowances.
The existing 46,323 students, 21,141 undergraduates, 25,182 graduate students. 90 undergraduate majors, 32 first-level disciplines for doctoral degree authorization, 41 first-level disciplines for master's degree authorization, 5 doctoral degree authorization points, 27 master degree authorization points, 30 post-doctoral mobile stations, national first-level key disciplines 8, five national key laboratories, national engineering (technology) research centers 7, national Engineering laboratory 3, national and international science and technology cooperation base 5, 2011 collaborative innovation Center, a provincial key scientific research base 148. There are the National Western Energy Research Institute and the Western China Quality Science and Technology Research Institute.
According to data released by ESI, as of November 2020, 15 disciplines of the school have entered the top 1% of the world's academic institutions, 3 disciplines have entered the top 1‰, and engineering has entered the top 1% of the world's academic institutions.
Over the past 120 years since its establishment, the school has formed an excellent tradition of building a strong country by studying hard work, advocating ethics and rigorous scholarship, patriotic and loving the school, pursuing the truth, diligent and pragmatic, hardworking and simple, with a high starting point, a solid foundation, and strict requirements. Practice-oriented school-running characteristics. Zhang Yuanji, Cai Yuanpei, Cai E, Huang Yanpei, Zou Taofen, Lu Dingyi, Qian Xuesen, Zhang Guangzhou, Wu Wenjun, Jiang Zemin, Huang Xuhua, Hou Zonglian, etc, are outstanding representatives of the alumni.
Since moving west, they have trained Lin Zhonghu, Cai Ruixian, Cao Chunxiao, Jiang Xinsong, Li Helin, Ye Shangfu, Li Peicheng, Yao Mu, Chen Guoliang, Li Qingquan, Xiong Youlun, Tu Mingjing, Li Bohu, Su Junhong, Sun Jiulin, Chen Guilin, Cheng Shijie, Sun Caixin, Han Wide, Tan Tieniu, Cong Bin, Hao Yue, Chen Zhengqing, Jiang Song, Fang Jiancheng, Wang Huaming, Tang Guangfu, Guo Wanlin, Wu Yuan, Luo Qi, Yan Xinping 43 academicians of the two academies; Gao Huajian, Suo Zhigang, Jiang Jing, Liu Yilu, Liang Ping, Chen Zhangxing and other overseas academicians of the National Academy of Engineering, the National Academy of Sciences, and the Canadian Academy of Engineering.
Over the 65 years since the relocation of the school, more than 280,000 talents of various types have been delivered to the country. In 2020, the proportion of graduates working in the central and western regions has reached more than 55%, providing tremendous intellectual support for the country’s western development strategy. Graduates enjoy a good reputation in all walks of life, including Yang Jiechi, Chen Huibo, Wen Xisen, Xiao Shengli, Ma Dexiu, Lei Jufang, Cui Dianguo, Sun Laiyan, Zhang Guobao, Jia Quanxi, Wang Jue, Lian Weiliang, Wen Shugang, Wang Jianping, Xin Baoan, Jiang Xiaojuan, Pu Zhongjie, Yu Jie, He Jinbi, Zhang Yuee, Gui Shengyue, Lu Lei, Zhang Yalin, Ge Honglin, Zhao Huan, Qiu Jianping, Liang Haishan, Feng Xingya, Zhou Hongyi, Chen Xi, Liu Guangbin, Zhang Haitao, Lu Yiming, Fan Deng, Liu Liehong, Zhang Dongchen, Wang Dongfeng, Liu Qi, Guo Wenjun, Jing Haipeng, Chen Dong, Xue Ying, Zhang Xin, and other well-known alumni.
The school implements the four-in-one talent training concept of " character development, knowledge transfer, ability training, and thinking innovation ", and establishes a " general education + wide-caliber professional education ", undergraduate- master - expertise talent training system.
In 2006, the " academy system " was implemented, and the " dual academy system " training model for academies and colleges gave students the wings to take off. In 2017, the school established an undergraduate college to implement the three-level teaching responsibilities of " school - school - department ", and establish a management system for undergraduate talent cultivation of " horizontal collaboration, vertical integration, and overall coordination of teaching and education ". Insisting on the exploration of cultivating top-notch innovative talents, since 1985, we have successively established " Juvenile Class ", " Qian Xuesen Experimental Class ", " Hou Zonglian Experimental Class ", " Basic Subject Training Experimental Class ", " Artificial Intelligence Experimental Class ", etc., with Qian Xuesen College as the carrier. , Apply Qian Xuesen's spirit and wisdom to education and teaching practice. The unique educational concept, relaxed learning atmosphere, strong teacher allocation, and good teaching effects are highly praised by students and parents.
Won 78 national teaching achievement awards, 35 national-level quality courses, 23 national-level quality resource sharing courses, 13 national-level video open courses, 50 national-level online first-class courses, national-level online and offline hybrid 7 first-class courses, 9 national-level offline first-class courses, 10 national-level virtual simulation experiment teaching first-class courses, 2 national-level social practice first-class courses, 8 national-level teachings (talent training) bases, 12 national-level Experimental Teaching Demonstration Center (including Virtual Simulation Experimental Teaching Center), 9 national-level teaching teams, and a national-level teacher teaching development demonstration center, won 27 " National Hundred Excellent Doctoral Dissertations Award " and 46 nominated awards.
Persist in facing the frontiers of world science and technology, facing the main economic battlefield, facing the country's major needs, and facing the people's life and health, and continuously enhance scientific and technological innovation capabilities and enhance technological competitiveness. Since the relocation, it has created more than one hundred scientific research at home and abroad, "first", National Chiao Tung University has played a leading role in terms of scientific research to seize the high ground, including the creation of the first Institute of Engineering Thermophysics China, the first steam turbine, Automobile manufacturing, refrigeration and cryogenics, and compressors, developed China’s first large-scale general-purpose electronic computer, the first digital processing chip with independent intellectual property rights, and proposed the double-shear unified strength theory for the first time in the world.
Since the relocation of the school, the school has created more than 30,000 scientific research achievements, of which 241 have won the national three awards, and produced hundreds of billions of economic and social effects. Relying on the advantages of disciplines and talent training, the school innovates the cooperation model of production, education, and research, establishes R&D centers with the government and large and medium-sized enterprises, focuses on solving key technical problems in the industry, and gives full play to the supporting role of science and technology in regional economic and social development.
Since 2000, he has presided over 21 "973 Program" projects and received 5,832 projects from China's National Natural Science Foundation. The number of basic research projects and funding are among the top universities in the country. It has undertaken 37 major national scientific research projects in the liberal arts, won 36 humanities and social science awards from the Ministry of Education, and built 17 high-end think tanks with the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Civil Affairs, and the Central Translation and Compilation Bureau. A large number of research results have been adopted and applied.
The school has a national university student cultural quality education base and 174 cultural associations, rich in science and technology, literature and art, sports and other activities, "Kyushu Masters", "Discuss the Four Seas", "Siyuan Lecture Hall", "Xueer Forum", "Xingang Report", and "Chuangyuan". "Forum" has become a classic brand for teachers and students to broaden their horizons. Over the years, Jiao Tong University students have participated in SAE International Aviation Design Competition, VEX Robot World Championship, International Mathematical Modeling Competition, World Chinese Debate Championship, International English Speech Competition, World University Architecture Design Competition, World University Rowing Championships, ACM International University Student Program Design Contest Asian Selection Competition, China "Internet +" College Student Innovation and Entrepreneurship Competition, "Challenge Cup" National College Student Extracurricular Technology Work Competition, "Challenge Cup" National College Student Entrepreneurship Planning Competition, National College Student Mathematical Modeling Competition, National College Student Mechanical Innovation Design Competition, Robocon National College Student Robotics Competition, China College Student Physics Academic Competition, National Aerospace Model (Scientific Research) Championship, National College Student Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction and Social Practice Technology Competition and other international and domestic competitions have repeatedly achieved good results.
Extensive international contacts. Since 2000, we have invited 25 Nobel Prize, Fields Medal winners and more than 2,000 foreign visiting professors to give lectures, collaborative research scholars from various countries of the world, academic exchanges, business executives, government officials as high as 2 million people; More than 28,000 teachers and students were sent abroad for visits, advanced studies, research and degree studies, and more than 2,000 people participated in international conferences; more than 320 people from 44 countries and regions including the United States, Japan, Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Singapore, and South Korea The colleges and universities and research institutes have established inter-school partnerships.
There are four campuses in Xingqing, Yanta, Qujiang, and Western China Science and Technology Innovation Port, covering about 4480 acres and about 4 million square meters of various buildings. The library was approved by the CPC Central Committee Propaganda Department as "Qian Library", with a total construction area of 43,794 square meters, reading seats more than 3604 seats; a total collection of 5.76 million (pieces), 10,175 kinds of foreign newspapers, published in 1307 kinds of foreign language now. The introduction of domestic and foreign electronic resources 132 platforms and about 72 sub-banks; more than 59,000 kinds of Chinese and foreign full-text electronic journals, and more than 1.759 million kinds of Chinese and Western electronic books.
Scientific and technological innovation in western Hong Kong and China to "play a national mission, a global science Highland, Shaanxi engine service, innovation-driven platform, Wisdom demonstration town" as the goal, set up eight large platforms on four areas, 29 institutes, and over 3 00 The scientific research base will serve major national scientific researches such as interdisciplinary and military-civilian integration, serving students' innovative ability training, scientific and technological achievements transfer and incubation, and economic and social development, and actively explore new models, new forms and new models for the integration of modern universities and social development in the 21st century. experience.
The " Silk Road University Alliance " led by the establishment has attracted more than 150 universities from 37 countries and regions to join, and a group of high-end think tanks and research such as the Collaborative Innovation Center for Reform Pilot Exploration and Evaluation, and the Research Collaborative Innovation Center for the Silk Road Economic Belt The platform is dedicated to serving social development and national rejuvenation.
December 11, 2017, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Xi'an Jiaotong University to a letter from 15 westward old professors of important instructions to then respond to national call, dedication northwest of the old building comrades pay tribute to the hope that good tradition "westward Spirit " to contribute wisdom and strength to the development of the western region and the construction of the country.
On April 22, 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping visited the Westward Migration Museum of Jiaotong University during his inspection tour in Shaanxi. He cordially met with 14 old professors who moved westward and delivered two important speeches to deeply understand the core and essence of the spirit of moving westward. Explain and encourage teachers and students to vigorously promote the spirit of moving to the west, seize the new opportunities in the new era, make contributions to the places where the motherland needs it most, and create historical contributions that belong to our generation on the new journey.
At a new historical starting point, the school has thoroughly studied and implemented Xi Jinping’s thoughts on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, focused on the fundamental task of Lide and cultivating people, adhered to the school positioning of " rooting in the west, serving the country, and world-class ", and unswervingly promoted comprehensive reforms. Promote the construction of " double first-class ", promote connotative development, strive to write a new chapter in the development of schools in the new era, and strive towards a world-class university with Chinese characteristics.