Yunnan University was founded in 1922, when private land east University, in 1934 changed its name to Yunnan Provincial University, in 1938 changed to the National Yunnan University, is one of China's western frontier of the earliest established comprehensive university. In 1937, the famous mathematician and educator Xiong Qinglai became the principal. A large number of famous scholars were hired to teach at the school, which laid the foundation for the school's higher development and profound academic background and created the first glorious period in the history of Yunda. In the 1940s, Yunnan University has developed into a large-scale and internationally influential one of China's famous universities, including liberal arts, law, science, engineering, agriculture, and medicine. In 1946, "Encyclopedia Britannica" listed Yunnan University as one of the 15 most influential universities in the world in China.
In the 1950s, the departments were adjusted, and some important and distinctive departments of Yunnan University, such as aviation, civil engineering, law, railway, etc., were removed and merged into the Beijing Institute of Aeronautics, Sichuan University, Southwest Institute of Political Science and Law, Changsha Railway Institute, etc. Colleges and universities; engineering, medicine, agriculture, etc. successively established independent schools, and gradually developed into today's Kunming University of Science And Technology, Kunming Medical University, Yunnan Agricultural University, Southwest Forestry University, and other universities. In 1958, Yunnan University was placed under the administration of Yunnan Province by the Central Ministry of Higher Education. In 1978, Yunnan University was designated by the State Council as one of the 88 key universities in the country.
After the reform and opening up, Yunnan University has made considerable progress. In 1996 the first batch included in the national "211 Project" key universities in 2001 included the western development focus on building institutions, Ministry of Education and in 2004 became the focus of Yunnan Provincial People's Government to build a university in 2006, a total of Undergraduate Teaching assessment 19 secondary indicators all classified as A, was named the outstanding undergraduate teaching school, Ministry of Education, in 2012 a national "infrastructure construction of engineering colleges Midwest" and "to enhance the overall strength of Midwest Universities project" universities, in 2016 to become The national institution for implementing the “ One Province, One School ” project. In 2017, it became one of the first batches of 42 “ first-class universities ” construction universities in China. In 2018, it ranked among the 14 “ Ministry-based, Ministry-provincial ” universities in the central and western regions.
In the new historical period, Yunnan University will closely focus on the goal of building a world-class university, actively integrate into the national strategy, actively serve the economic and social development of Yunnan, and follow the development concept of "open cooperation, integrated innovation, coordinated progress, and characteristic development". Based on Yunnan, serving the country, radiating the two Asia, and going to the world, the school is guided by "first-class party building", focused on connotation construction, and driven by institutional reforms, vigorously implements the strategy of "prospering the school by academics" and "strengthening talents" “School” strategy, focusing on promoting the “Trees and People Plan” and “Yunnan University’s Service to Yunnan Action Plan” to comprehensively improve the school’s strength and level of running schools, and contribute to regional economic and social development.
Yunnan University has 26 colleges, 10 research institutes, 2 independent colleges, 1 affiliated hospital, and a graduate school. Yunnan University, existing staff of 3023 people, including professional and technical positions of 2582 people. There were 2017 teaching and research personnel in professional technical positions, 507 with senior professional titles, 675 with associate senior titles, and 1,219 teachings and research personnel with doctoral degrees. The school has full-time undergraduate students, 16816 people, 8159 people graduate, doctoral students 1215 people, academic education students 1545 people. The school covers an area of 4363.64 acres, located on the campus and the East Lu Chenggong campus, public building area of more than 1 million square meters; teaching, research equipment, and information technology equipment assets worth 9.38 billion yuan, the library collection of more than 382 books. The school is the main node unit of China Education and Research Computer Network ( CERNET ) in Yunnan.
Yunnan University has 79 undergraduate majors, 17 undergraduate majors are selected for the national " Double Ten Thousand" plan, 13 majors are selected for the provincial " Double Ten Thousand" plan, there are 12 national characteristic majors, 6 majors " Elite Class ", 10 majors "Excellence Class", 3 " National Quality Online Open Courses "; 21 first-level discipline doctoral degree authorization, 42 first-level discipline master degree authorization, 22 professional master's degree authorization. In the fourth round of subject evaluation by the Ministry of Education, the school has 30 subjects ranked in the top 70% of the country, including 2 A-type subjects (A+ for ethnology and A- for ecology) and 14 B- type subjects. Chemistry, botany, and zoology are among the top 1% of the global ESI. The school has formed a comprehensive university with ethnology, ecology, biology, characteristic resource development, and environmental protection, as well as border issues and Southeast Asia and South Asia international issues research as its advantages. The disciplines are relatively complete and the talents are intensive.
The school vigorously implements the strategy of “strengthening the school with talents”, and high-level talents grow rapidly. There are 9 academicians (including double appointments and special appointments), 11 selected for various projects of the National " High-level Talent Introduction Program " , 14 special-appointed professors and lecture professors of the " Changjiang Scholars Award Program " of the Ministry of Education, and the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars winner of 14 people, the national outstanding Youth Science Fund winner of two people, the national "people plan" all kinds of projects selected by 13 people, the chief scientist at the national Key basic Research Program 5, the national "millions of talents project" selected candidates 15, the State Council degree Committee of disciplines 4 people, Chinese Academy of Sciences "Hundred talents Program" of 13 people, national model teachers 3, the Ministry of Education "Program for new century excellent talents", "century talents training Program" and " Higher backbone teachers scheme "was selected by 15 people, the Ministry of Education" outstanding young university teachers Award "winner 1 people," the tenth China Youth female scientist Award "winner 1 people, the Central propaganda Department propaganda and ideological and cultural excellence Youth 3 people, national teaching team 4, Ministry of Science and innovation team a focus area, the Ministry of Education innovation team 1.
The school vigorously implements the "Academic Rejuvenation" and has achieved remarkable results in scientific research and platform construction. The school has hosted the national "973 Program" 2, "863" Project 4, the State Water Project of major projects 2, the state's key R & D program 2, National Technology Support Program 2, National Social Science Foundation tender 21 Ministry of education of Humanities and Social Science major research projects 4, Marxist theoretical research and construction projects 2, national Social Science Fund achievement library 4, "new Engineering" Research and practice project 2, the National Natural Science Foundation of major bidding 1 item. Won the first prize of the National Natural Science Award, the first prize of the National University Humanities and Social Sciences Outstanding Achievement Award, the second prize of the National Science and Technology Progress Award, the Whitaker Outstanding Ecologist Award, the International Young Paleontologist "Hodson Award" and many other awards. Yunnan Provincial Science and Technology Award was awarded the Outstanding Contribution Award three, three Grand Prize. There are 15 papers published in the world-renowned academic journals " Nature " and " Science ". Nine papers were published in the top domestic academic journal "Chinese Social Sciences". The school sponsors academic journals such as "Ideological Front" and "Journal of Yunnan University". "Ideological Front" is one of the first eleven journals selected for the Ministry of Education's " Prestigious Journal Project ".
The school has 1 provincial and ministerial joint state key laboratory, 1 national-level international joint research center, 1 national technology transfer center, 2 national-level crowd-creation spaces, and 1 four ministries and commissions to build a research base for the consciousness of the Chinese nation’s community. 1 key humanity and social science research base of the Ministry of Education, 2 collaborative innovation centers jointly established by the Ministry of Education, 1 International Joint Research Center of the Ministry of Education, 1 Engineering Research Center of the Ministry of Education, 1 Field Science Observatory of the Ministry of Education, 2 provinces Key laboratory of Ministry of Education Ministry, a national Linux technology training and Extension Center, a national cultural industry Research Center, regional country studies Center 7 Ministry of education, a "China-Africa Think Tank 10 + 10 partners plan "for Africa knot academic institutions, a Ministry of Education, Chinese traditional culture heritage base, a Ministry of Education textbooks construction of key research base, a national cultural quality education base for college students, a national decision-making advisory scientific research center. There are 4 national-level talent training bases, 4 national-level experimental teaching demonstration centers, 3 national-level outstanding engineer training programs, 1 national-level applied and compound excellent legal professional talent education and training base, and 4 national-level talent training Model Innovation Experimental Zone and National Demonstrative Software Academy. The school is the first batch of demonstration universities for deepening the reform of innovation and entrepreneurship education by the Ministry of Education.
Based on geographical advantages, the school continuously strengthens international cooperation and exchanges. Academy of Engineering and the University of Cambridge to build a joint laboratory optoelectronic materials, Nepal Tribhuvan University, Sichuan Institute of Science and Technology and build a mountain "along the way" along with the National Joint Laboratory - "Nepal Geographic Resources Joint Laboratory", etc. research institutions; in Iran, Bangladesh and Myanmar to build there are four overseas Confucius Institute, Hanban has "Lu Nanya along a Southeast Asian country to promote the Chinese base", initiated the establishment of "South Asian Association of Southeast Asian universities."
The school actively serves national and regional economic and social development. Undertook the translation, publication, and promotion of "Xi Jinping on State Administration" (Volumes 1, 2, and 3 ) in five languages including Myanmar and Laos; " China-Myanmar Oil and Gas Pipelines and China's Energy Security " report, Southern Silk Road Economy Achievements such as the Great Corridor have risen to major national decisions. " Research on Ancient Maps of the South China Sea" provides a physical basis for China's sovereignty disputes in the South China Sea; " Control of Arsenic Pollution in Yangzonghai ", " Research on Cross-border Ecological Security and International Rivers ", " Digital Yunnan " Research, Dianchi Lake basin "lake - rural non-point source pollution watershed core technology system" and other direct services to scientific research to solve major practical problems.
Facing the future, Yunnan University will continue to uphold the Yunda spirit of "Hundreds of families will meet the public and the world", overcome difficulties, forge ahead, and continuously improve talent training, scientific research, social services, cultural inheritance and innovation, and international exchanges and cooperation capabilities. As soon as possible, it will become a comprehensive, international, and research-oriented world-class university based on the southwestern frontier of the motherland and facing South Asia and Southeast Asia.